Category: Marriage (Nikah)
Fatwa#: 37507
Asked Country: Pakistan

Answered Date: Feb 09,2018

Title: Mahr of a divorced woman with whom nikaah was not consumated

Question

I had nikah early this year.It was just nikah and not a consummated marriage.Now i am going for divorce where divorce  will be pronounced by the boy.So my question is in this scene when after nikah he touched me only to put ring in my finger at the nikah ceremony, other than that till date he has not touched me, so in this case haq mahr will be full returned from him or there will be no haq mehr to be given. I repeat marriage is not consummated yet, i am at my parents house after that nikah ceremony, only touching he did was putting ring in my finger.Please guide about haq mehr in  this case of divorce non consummated marriage and only touching by him was putting ring in my finger.

Answer

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, if one divorces his wife prior to being in khalwah saheehah with her, then he will be obliged to pay only half of the agreed mahr amount. The wife may pardon that as well if she wishes[i].

If he had been in khalwah saheehah with her, then he will have to pay the full amount, even if he did not engage in intercourse with her. Khalwah saheehah refers to being in such a seclusion with one’s wife wherein he has the opportunity of engaging in intercourse, irrespective of whether he engages in intercourse or not.

In the enquired situation, the marriage being consummated is not the issue of consideration. If the marriage could have been consummated due to being in seclusion with your husband, then the marriage will be regarded as consummated. The husband will in this case have to pay the full mahr.

 

And Allaah Ta’aala Knows Best

Muajul I. Chowdhury

 

Student, Darul Iftaa

New York, USA

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 



[i]  سورة البقرة (أية 237)

وَإِنْ طَلَّقْتُمُوهُنَّ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ تَمَسُّوهُنَّ وَقَدْ فَرَضْتُمْ لَهُنَّ فَرِيضَةً فَنِصْفُ مَا فَرَضْتُمْ إِلَّا أَنْ يَعْفُونَ أَوْ يَعْفُوَ الَّذِي بِيَدِهِ عُقْدَةُ النِّكَاحِ وَأَنْ تَعْفُوا أَقْرَبُ لِلتَّقْوَى وَلَا تَنْسَوُا الْفَضْلَ بَيْنَكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ (237)

 

الأصل للشيباني (4/ 436) 

وإذا طلق الرجل امرأته قبل أن يدخل بها فلها نصف المهر إن كان سمى لها مهرا. والصغيرة والكبيرة والأمة والحرة والمدبرة وأم الولد والمكاتبة والمرأة من أهل الكتاب في ذلك كله سواء، لكل واحدة منهن نصف المهر إن كان سمى لها مهرا. وإن لم يكن سمى لها مهرا وقد طلقها قبل أن يدخل بها فلها المتعة واجبة، يؤخذ بها الزوج، وليس عليه من المهر شيء.

 

التجريد للقدوري (9/ 4681)

قلنا: الشرط يقتضي أن المرأة إذا طلقت قبل المسيس مرة فلها نصف المهر

 

شرح مختصر الطحاوي للجصاص (4/ 401)

لم يختلف في استحقاق نصف المسمى بالطلاق قبل الدخول

 

المبسوط للسرخسي (5/ 14)

وإن طلقها قبل أن يدخل بها كان لها نصف ما سمى لها؛ لأن الطلاق قبل الدخول مسقط للصداق قياسا فإن المعقود عليه يعود إليها كما خرج عن ملكها، وذلك سبب لسقوط البدل إلا أنا أوجبنا لها نصف المسمى بالنص، وهو قوله تعالى {فنصف ما فرضتم} [البقرة: 237] فلا تجب الزيادة على ذلك

 

بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (2/ 296)

وجملة الكلام فيه أن الطلاق قبل الدخول في نكاح فيه تسمية قد يسقط به عن الزوج نصف المهر، وقد يعود به إليه النصف وقد يكون له به مثل النصف صورة ومعنى أو معنى لا صورة

 

المحيط البرهاني في الفقه النعماني (3/ 112)

وللمطلقة قبل الدخول بها نصف المفروض لقوله تعالى: {فَنِصْفُ مَا فَرَضْتُمْ} (البقرة: 237)

 

الاختيار لتعليل المختار (3/ 102)

(وإن طلقها قبل الدخول لزمه نصفه) ؛ لقوله تعالى: {فنصف ما فرضتم} [البقرة: 237] .

 

العناية شرح الهداية (3/ 328)

والمفروض يتنصف بالطلاق قبل الدخول لقوله تعالى {فنصف ما فرضتم} [البقرة: 237]

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