Category: Miscellaneous
Fatwa#: 37474
Asked Country: United States

Answered Date: Nov 04,2017

Title: Can a husband force her wife to ware burqa and niqab?

Question

can a husband force her wife to ware burqa and niqab?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is compulsory upon a woman to adhere to the laws of Hijab in front of Ghair mahram men.[i] Ghair Mahram refers to those men with whom marriage is permissible. The obligation of Hijab is clearly understood from the following verse:

{يَاأَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لِأَزْوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ يُدْنِينَ عَلَيْهِنَّ مِنْ جَلَابِيبِهِنَّ} [الأحزاب: 59]

Translation: 

O Nabi (ﷺ)! Tell your wives, your daughters and the women of the Mu’mineen that [when they have to leave their homes for some necessity] they should draw down their ‘jalaabeeb’ over themselves. (Suratul Ahzaab: 59)

 

It is a major sin for a woman to discard and violate the laws of Hijab. Shariah has made the husband the guardian of his wife. Shariah has obligated the guardian to stop his dependants from violating the laws of Shariah. This is understood from the following verse:


{يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا} [التحريم: 6]

Translation: 

O you who have Imaan! Save yourselves and your families from the fire [of Jahannam].

Accordingly, a husband is under obligation to ensure his wife adheres to the laws of Hijaab. If he does not do that, he will be sinful. The husband should adopt wisdom and diplomacy in advising his wife and use effective measures in order to make her understand and influence her on the obligation of adhering to the laws of Hijab.

When anyone advises on the laws of Shariah, one should put emotions aside and appreciate the advises and make an earnest effort to practise on the advices.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best


Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



[i]
الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (1/ 406)

(وتمنع) المرأة الشابة (من كشف الوجه بين رجال) لا لأنه عورة بل (لخوف الفتنة) كمسه وإن أمن الشهوة لأنه أغلظ

 

وتمنع الشابة من كشف وجهها خوف الفتنة.

الهدية العلاءية ص.282

 

وتمنع الشابة من كشف وجهها لا لانه عورة بل لخوف الفتنة

الدرر المباحة في الحظر والاباحة ص.73

 

منحة الخالق وتكملة الطوري (2/ 381)

قالوا هذه المسألة دليل على أن المرأة منهية عن إظهار وجهها للرجال من غير ضرورة؛

 

عيون المسائل للسمرقندي الحنفي (ص: 189)

وقَالَ أَبُوْ يُوْسُفَ: في رجل حلف بالطلاق أن لا ينظر إلى حرام فنظر إلى وجه امرأة قَالَ: لا تطلق امرأته، وليس النظر إليه حراماً، وأكره به ذلك

 

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.