Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Fatwa#: 37319
Asked Country: South Africa

Answered Date: Nov 27,2016

Title: Scalp Micropigmentation

Question

Is the Scalp Micropigmentation treatment halāl?

http://www.scalpguru.com/

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Scalp Micropigmentation is a hair follicle replication procedure which helps individuals who are experiencing hair loss, or who may have scarring on their heads that they wish to cover up. It is done by replicating the appearance of shaven hair, by introducing thousands of tiny pigment deposits into the epidermis of the scalp. When placed by a skilled technician, the recipient appears as if they have a full head of hair, shaved to a very short length.  Similar to the process of getting a tattoo, tiny needles are used to add coloured pigment to the scalp.1

Scalp Micropigmentation can:

  • Give the look of a full, youthful head of cropped hair
  • Simulate a full-front, side and/or rear hairline
  • Restore hairlines on part-bald or fully bald heads
  • Camouflage – permanently – the symptoms of all levels of alopecia
  • Camouflage scarring resulting from previous hair transplant surgery
  • Hide scars, burns and birthmarks
  • Boost the visual effect of a hair transplant.2

 

 

 

 

 

What is the difference between Scalp Micropigmentation and a regular head tattoo?

Both terms can be used to refer to the same thing, i.e the process of placing material in the scalp to mimic shaved hair. The difference lies in the skillset and background of the provider.

Professional hair loss specialists refer to this type of treatment as SMP, almost without exception. Practitioners skilfully replicate a 3D look of natural hair. Needles are firmly embedded into the dermis which is one of the more controlled layers of the skin. This is what prevents the dispersion of any ink. Also, the needles used for this technique are single-use needles that are three quarters smaller than any available tattooing needle.

The term ‘hair tattoo’ tends to be used by a different kind of provider, usually those that fall within the tattoo shop or permanent makeup categories, not by those who are true experts when it comes to high quality hair simulation treatments. A regular hair tattoo uses the same equipment a tattoo artist would use for any other tattoo that he would render in his shop or parlor. It uses no specialized needless or processes.3

In brevity there are three major differences,

  1. The needles in a scalp micropigmentation procedure. These are placed at a much more shallow depth, just under the surface of the skin, than commonly done during a conventional tattooing process where they are placed into the middle dermis below the epidermis.
  2. Procedure carried out by experts.
  3. Cost factor.

 

Why do people prefer SMP over a Hair Tattoo?

A scalp micropigmentation treatment will be an illusion of hair that is indistinguishable from an actual scalp with a similar hairstyle. What an SMP creates is a scalp with a semblance of “just-shaven” hair. This is probably the main difference between a hair tattoo and an SMP treatment. A hair tattoo can be detected as such while an SMP treatment will be mistaken for real hair.4

The SMP treatment is analogous to a hair tattoo, therefore it will not be permissible.5

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Huzaifah Deedat

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

__________________

  1. http://www.scalpguru.com/research/introduction/
  2. http://www.hairlineink.com/scalp-micropigmentation/
  3. http://www.evolvehairclinic.com/the-difference-between-scalp-micropigmentation-and-a-hair-tattoo/
  4. http://www.hishairclinic.com/scalp-micropigmentation-tattoo-permanent-make-up-or-medical-procedure/

http://www.hishairclinic.com/what-is-the-difference-between-scalp-micropigmentation-and-conventional-tattooing/

 

صحيح البخاري- دار طوق النجاة (7/ 167) 5

 حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، أَخْبَرَنِي نَافِعٌ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ: «لَعَنَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الوَاصِلَةَ وَالمُسْتَوْصِلَةَ، وَالوَاشِمَةَ وَالمُسْتَوْشِمَةَ

فتح الباري لابن حجر- دار المعرفة (1/ 205)

 الواشمة والمستوشمة والموشومة هُوَ من الوشم وَهُوَ شقّ الْجلد بإبرة وحشوه كحلا أَو غَيره فيخضر مَكَانَهُ قَوْله موشيا أَي مصبوغا بالوشى وَهُوَ من الْحَرِير رفيع الصَّنْعَة قَوْله يستوشيه أَي يستخرجة

الاختيار لتعليل المختار-مطبعة الحلبي (4/ 164)

وَالْوَاشِمَةُ: الَّتِي تَشِمُ فِي الْوَجْهِ وَالذِّرَاعِ، وَهُوَ أَنْ تَغْرِزَ الْجِلْدَ بِإِبْرَةٍ ثُمَّ يُحْشَى بِكُحْلٍ أَوْ نَيْلٍ فَيَزْرَقُّ؛

جدید فقہی مسائل - جلد 1 – ص 312 – زم زم 

اسلام کا نقطہ نظریہ ہے کہ جسم  اللہ کی امانت اور اس کا پیکر اللہ کی تخلیق کا مظہر ہے جس میں کسی شرعی اور فطری ضرورت کے بغیر کوئی خود ساختہ تبدیلی درست نہیں، اسی وجہ سے رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ و سلم نے مصنوعی طور پر بال لگانے، خوبصورتی کے لیے دانتوں کے درمیان فصل پیدا کرنے کو ناجائز ، قابل لعنت اور اللہ کے خلقت میں تغیر تغی

ر قرار دیا ہے، اس لیے ظاہر کہ محض زینت اور فیشن کی غرض سے اس قسم کا کوئی آپریشن اور جسم میں کوئی تغیر قطعا درست نہ ہوگا

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