Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Fatwa#: 37210
Asked Country: India

Answered Date: Nov 23,2016

Title: Spending on parents

Question

Assalamu alaikum

I have 2 questions:

1. Before Marriage, If a Son earns and give it to his Paraents for thier use and Paraents use that money for marriage of his daughters ( for sister marriage) .Son has no objection to what ever way his parents use the money that he has Provided. . Is this allowed in Islam? Does Islam restricts paraents to use  his son's money for spending over to Daughters. 

2. After the son getting married , He sends money to his paraents for thier use and sameway parents use that money for daughters ( for Sister) , Son has no objection to what ever way his parents use the money that he has Provided. . But wife is objecting to this and telling Parents should not use sons money for thier daughters ( For sister) , This is not allowed in Islam. The son is taking care of his wife and Kids. Sending money for his parents / for Sisters may reduce the saving potential of the son and he is ok with that but not the wife. What the ruling of islam on this regard?.

 

Who has financial right of earning . Is this the person who is earning ( male ) or his wife or his paraents?. 

Jazakallah

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

1)     The money is considered a gift. The parents can use the money as they please especially if the son has no objection.

2)     The money is the sole ownership of the person who earns it. Therefore, in the enquired case, the husband has the right over the money he is earning. He may do as he pleases with the money within the bounds of Shariah. [i]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Imran Patel

Student Darul Iftaa

Zambia

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



[i]

(5/ 378)نيل الأوطار للشوكاني (ت:1250 هـ) -دار الحديث  

عَنْ أَنَسٍ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ - صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ - قَالَ: «لَا يَحِلُّ مَالُ امْرِئٍ مُسْلِمٍ إلَّا بِطِيبِ نَفْسِهِ» رَوَاهُ الدَّارَقُطْنِيّ

 

(5/ 357)المحيط البرهاني في الفقه النعماني للبخاري برهان الدين، إبن مَازَةَ الحنفي (ت: 616 هـ) - دار الكتب العلمية  

ثم الكسب على مراتب، فمقدار ما لابد لكل أحد منه يعني ما يقيم به صلبه يفترض على كل أحد اكتسابه ههنا؛ وكذلك إذا كان له عيال من زوجة، وأولاد صغار، فإنه يفترض عليه الكسب بقدر كفايتهم عيناً؛ لأن نفقة الزوجة مستحقة على الزوج، وكذلك نفقة الولد مستحقة على الوالد، ولا يتوصل إليها إلا بالكسب، فصار الكسب مستحقاً عليه، وكذلك إذا كان له أبوان معسران يفترض عليه الكسب بقدر كفايتهما؛ لأن نفقتهما فرض عليه، وما زاد على قدر كفايته وكفاية عياله مباح إذا لم يرد به الفخر والرياء.

 

(3/ 105)اللباب في شرح الكتاب للميداني عبد الغني بن طالب (ت: 1298 هـ) - المكتبة العلمية  

(ولا يشارك الولد في نفقة أبويه أحد) ، لأن لهما تأويلاً في مال الولد بالنص، ولأنه أقرب الناس إليهما. بحر. وهي على الذكور والإناث بالسوية في ظاهر الرواية، وهو الصحيح، لأن المعنى يشملهما، هداية. قال في التصحيح: وهو أظهر الروايتين عن أبي حنيفة، وبه أخذ الفقيه أبو الليث، وبه يفتي، واحترز به عن رواية الحسن عن أبي حنيفة أنها بين الذكور والإناث ثلاثا. اهـ.

 

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.