Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Fatwa#: 37188
Asked Country: Bangladesh

Answered Date: Nov 23,2016

Title: Time for sunset and iftar

Question

.

Assalamu Alaikum,

For example, in Chittagong, Sunset is at 5.11 pm .....

When should I break my fast? at 5.12 pm or 5.13 pm?

how many minutes should be in gap between sunset and iftar ?

What timing would be preferable
​/​
permitted in this timing cases?

please let me know clearly.....

In my area, one masajid whistles after 2 minutes, another masajid whistles after 3 minutes of Sun-set . Should I follow the whistle of my nearest Masajid or I should go according to my own calculations/timings gathered?

​I mainly follow the below website to calculate/gather Timings:

https://www.timeanddate.com/astronomy/bangladesh/chittagong

Jazakallahu Khairan .
.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The time for iftaar is at sunset. Azan is not necessary to break the fast.[1]

The Fuqahaa have stated that it is Waajib to exercise precaution in breaking fast.[2]

The computed timetables for sunset are generally accurate. A delay of two or three minutes after the sunset time is acceptable.

If your local masjid has sought the council of an expert, then it would be correct for you to follow the whistle of your local masjid. 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best 

Saad Haque

Student Darul Iftaa
New Jersey, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



[1] وقال تعالي : "ثُمَّ أَتِمُّوا الصِّيَامَ إِلَى اللَّيْل" (2:187)

“Complete the fast until the sunset”

صحيح البخاري ١٩٥٤

حَدَّثَنَا الحُمَيْدِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ عُرْوَةَ، قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ أَبِي، يَقُولُ: سَمِعْتُ عَاصِمَ بْنَ عُمَرَ بْنِ الخَطَّابِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «إِذَا أَقْبَلَ اللَّيْلُ مِنْ هَا هُنَا، وَأَدْبَرَ النَّهَارُ مِنْ هَا هُنَا، وَغَرَبَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَقَدْ أَفْطَرَ الصَّائِمُ»

Rasulullah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “When the night approaches from this side (i.e., the east) and the day retreats from that side (i.e., west) and the sun sets, then it is time for a person observing Saum (fasting) to break his fast.”

 

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 371)

أي اليوم الشرعي من طلوع الفجر إلى الغروب...والمراد بالغروب زمان غيبوبة جرم الشمس بحيث تظهر الظلمة في جهة الشرق قال - صلى الله عليه وسلم - «إذا أقبل الليل من هنا فقد أفطر الصائم» أي إذا وجدت الظلمة حسا في جهة المشرق فقد ظهر وقت الفطر أو صار مفطرا في الحكم؛

 

فتاوى محمودية جلد١٥ ص١٤٨

 

[2] الدر المختار شرح تنوير الأبصار وجامع البحار (ص: 148)

ويستحب السحور وتأخيره وتعجيل الفطر لحديث: ثلاث من أخلاق المرسلين:

تعجيل الافطار، وتأخير السحور، والسواك.

 

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