Category: Inheritance (Irth)
Fatwa#: 37180
Asked Country: Egypt

Answered Date: Nov 19,2016

Title: What is the ruling on sharing the properties of the deceased?

Question

Please is there any rule pertaining sharing of a property of a deceased person. For instance the man died leaving properties with one wife and only two sons whiles both his parents are still alive but the family insisted on sharing the properties early due to some personal reasons. Now this is the case the father of the deceased man also died 5years later, i want to ask if the father of the deceased man who died recently is entitled to any of his son's properties since he is dead before the family gathered to share the entire properties. Salaamualaikum

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

DISCLAIMER

• The Shar’i ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.

• Darul Iftaa bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.

• This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of the Darul Iftaa.

 

According to the Islamic Law of Succession and Inheritance, distribution of an estate will only commence after funeral expenses, debts (including legal costs) and bequests (if any) made to NON-HEIRS – [which will not exceed one-third (1/3) of the Estate after debts and funeral expenses have been settled.] have been paid out. Thereafter, ALL assets form part of the Net Estate and will have to be distributed according to the Islamic Law of Succession and Inheritance.

 

In the enquired situation, all properties owned by the deceased person must be distributed to his heirs along with the rest of his assets without unnecessary delay.

We are advised the deceased is survived by

  • Father
  • Mother
  • Two (2) sons
  • Wife

 

The estate will be divided into 48 shares and distributed as follows:

 

BENEFICIARY

SHARE

PERCENTAGE

Father[1]

8

16.67%

Mother[2]

8

16.67%

Son [1][3]

13

27.08%

Son [2]

13

27.08%

Wife[4]

6

12.5%

TOTAL

48

100%

 

NOTE: The above percentage figures have been rounded up to two decimal places.

If the father has passed away before receiving his share, then too he is entitled to his share. His share will form part of his net estate and distributed accordingly. The query does not mention the total remaining heirs of the father. Thus, we are unable to provide a table depicting the distribution of his estate. 

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Abdullah ibn Mohammed Aijaz

Student Darul Iftaa
Baltimore, USA 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



منحة السلوك في شرح تحفة الملوك (ص: 431) [1]

فالأب له السدس مع وجود الابن أو ابن الابن، لقوله تعالى: {وَلأَبَوَيْهِ لِكُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا السُّدُسُ مِمَّا تَرَكَ إِنْ كَانَ لَهُ وَلَدٌ} [النساء: 11]

نفحات السلوك على تحفة الملوك (ص: 424) [2]

أي للأم ثلاثة أحوال: الأولى: السدس مع الولد قال - جل جلاله -: { وَلِأَبَوَيْهِ لِكُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا السُّدُسُ مِمَّا تَرَكَ إِنْ كَانَ لَهُ وَلَدٌ } [النساء: 11]

منحة السلوك في شرح تحفة الملوك (ص: 437) [3]

هذا الفصل في بيان العصبات

قوله: (العصبة قسمان: عصبة نسب وعصبة سبب).

اعلم أن العصبة في اللغة: عبارة عن الإحاطة، ومنه: عصبة القلنسوة، سميت عصبة: لإحاطتها حوالي الرأس، وهذا المعنى موجود في هذا الباب، لأن العصبة تحرز جميع المال، إذا لم يكن معه صاحب فرض.

والعصبة على نوعين: عصبة نسبية وعصبة سببية.

(أما العصبة النسبية فثلاثة أصناف: الأول: عصبة بنفسه، والثاني: عصبة بغيره، والثالث: عصبة مع غيره).

(أما العصبة بنفسه) فكل ذكر لا يدخل في نسبته إلى الميت أنثى، وهو معنى قول المصنف: (كل ذكر يدلي إلى الميت بمحض الذكور، وهم أربعة أصناف: جزء الميت) أي البنون، ثم بنوهم وإن سفلوا

منحة السلوك في شرح تحفة الملوك (ص: 436) [4]

قوله: (والثمن) أي للزوجة الثمن: (مع أحد الولد وولد الابن) لقوله تعالى: {فَإِنْ كَانَ لَكُمْ وَلَدٌ فَلَهُنَّ الثُّمُنُ مِمَّا تَرَكْتُمْ} [النساء: 12].

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.