Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Fatwa#: 37119
Asked Country: United Kingdom

Answered Date: Nov 16,2016

Title: Am I entitled to this personal injury claim?


Am I entitled to this personal injury claim?


I was involved in an accident where the other driver crashed into me from behind and I suffered a head injury to which I was examined at hospital the very same day. I was told at hospital that if I experience numbness in the arms, I should come back to hospital. They did advise me to take pain killers if I experience soreness which they said I most likely will.

The next day I suffered from sore neck and back for a day or two. After several weeks, a company called me to say that I was entitled to personal injury claim. They stated that they will claim for injuries that are ongoing. I do suffer now and again with arm numbness  but I'm not sure if this is related to the accident as I had been experiencing numbness before. I also experienced shoulder pain but again I do not know if this was related to he accident.

I don't want to claim this money that I'm not entitled to but the company is adamant that I am entitled to this money.

Should I proceed with this claim or not.


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

If the numbness of the arm and shoulder pain which you used to suffer before was triggered by the accident, you may attribute the numbness and pain to the accident and claim medical cost for that. [1]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Ibn Jibran Kadarkhan

Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai



(والراكب) في طريق العامة (ضامن لما وطئت الدابة وما أصابت بيدها) أو رجلها أو صدمته برأسها  (اللباب فيشرح الكتاب ج 3 ص 45 , قديمي)


(والسائق) للدابة (ضامن لما أصابت بيدها أو رجلها، والقائد) لها (ضامن لما أصابت بيدها دون رجلها) قال الزاهدي في شرحه وصاحب الهداية فيها وفي محموع النوازل: هكذا ذكره القدوري في مختصره، وبذلك أخذ بعض المشايخ، وأكثر المشايخ على أن السائق لا يضمن النفخة لأنه لا يمكنه دفعها عنها، وإن كانت ترى منه، وهو الأصح، تصحيح. وقال في الهداية: وفي الجامع: وكل شيء ضمنه الراكب يضمنه السائق والقائد، لأنهما متسببان بمباشرتهما شرط التلف وهو تقريب الدابة إلى مكان الجناية فيتقيد بشرط السلامة فيما يمكن الاحتراز عنه كالراكب، إلا أن على الراكب الكفارة فيما وطئت ولا كفارة عليهما، وتمامه فيها (ومن قاد قطاراً فهو ضامن لما وطئ) ، لأن عليه حفظه كالسائق فيصير متعديا بالتقصير فيه، والتسبب بوصف التعدي سبب الضمان، إلا أن ضمان النفس على العاقلة وضمان المال في ماله كما في الهداية (فإن كان معه) : أي مع القائد (سائق فالضمان عليهما) لاشتراكهما في ذلك، لأن قائد الواحد قائد للكل، وكذا السائق لاتصاله الأزمة



(والراكب) في طريق العامة (ضامن لما وطئت الدابة وما أصابت بيدها) أو رجلها أو صدمته برأسها (اللباب في شرح الكتاب ج 3 ص 45 , قديمي)


هداية ،4/586,مكتبة الرحماني 



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