Category: Marriage (Nikah)
Fatwa#: 36782
Asked Country: Qatar

Answered Date: Feb 05,2018

Title: Speaking to fiancée

Question

I have finalised my second marriage with a woman to marry her after six months. During this time is it allowed to chat or talk with her over the phone since she's living in another country? If it is allowed what are the limitations? What is allowed? What is not allowed in communicating with her over the phone?

Answer

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The concept of prolonged engagements is foreign to Shari’ah. It was the practice of the Rasulullaah (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and the Sahaabah (Radhiyallaahu ‘anhum) that they would wed at the earliest possible once a match was found. A “fiancé” and “fiancée” are regarded non-mahrams until they marry. Hence, it is absolutely forbidden (haram) for a fiancé to unnecessarily interact with his fiancée in any way including talking by phone.

You may consider having the nikaah done now and the consummation later on after six months. In this case, it will be permissible for you to freely speak to her. It is permissible to marry a woman at a distance by proxy. That is to appoint a third person as your representative at the location of your fiancée to get you married. The representative will get you married to your fiancée on your behalf in the presence of at least two males or one male and two female witnesses. The representative will do the proposal and your fiancée or her representative will accept[i].

 

And Allaah Ta’aala Knows Best

Ibn al-Fawz

 

Student, Darul Iftaa

New York, USA

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 



[i]  الأصل للشيباني (11/ 390)

وإذا وكَّل رجل رجلاً أن يزوجه امرأة بعينها فزوجها إياه فهو جائز

 

بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (6/ 20)

وَأَمَّا بَيَانُ رُكْنِ التَّوْكِيلِ فَهُوَ الْإِيجَابُ وَالْقَبُولُ فَالْإِيجَابُ مِنْ الْمُوَكِّلِ أَنْ يَقُولَ: " وَكَّلْتُكَ بِكَذَا " أَوْ " افْعَلْ كَذَا " أَوْ " أَذِنْتُ لَكَ أَنْ تَفْعَلَ كَذَا " وَنَحْوُهُ وَالْقَبُولُ مِنْ الْوَكِيلِ أَنْ يَقُولَ: " قَبِلْتُ " وَمَا يَجْرِي مَجْرَاهُ، فَمَا لَمْ يُوجَدْ الْإِيجَابُ وَالْقَبُولُ لَا يَتِمُّ الْعَقْدُ

 

كنز الدقائق (ص: 483) 

صحّ التّوكيل وهو إقامة الغير مقام نفسه في التّصرّف ممّن يملكه... وفيما يضيفه إلى الموكّل كالنّكاح والخلع والصّلح عن دم عمدٍ أو عن إنكارٍ يتعلّق بالموكّل

 

اللباب في شرح الكتاب (2/ 138)

فقال: (كل عقد جاز أن يعقده الإنسان بنفسه جاز أن يوكل به غيره) لأنه ربما يعجز عن المباشرة بنفسه على اعتبار بعض الأحوال؛ فيحتاج أن يوكل غيره؛ فيكون بسبيل منه دفعاً لحاجته

 

جامع الفتاوی (10/ 38)

 

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