Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Fatwa#: 36740
Asked Country: United Kingdom

Answered Date: Oct 25,2016

Title: Do I have to give Damm?

Question

  Aslamoalekum I am the residence of makah mukarma.in ramadan  My wife and mother came for umrah in ahraam from pakistan. I received them and we stayed in mekah for 5 hours for the sake of relaxation. During this i committed intercourse with my wife.and then we both went to masjid aisha and made niyat for ehraam and did umrah.After performing umrah we went madina munawara for eid ul fitr. 
But when we return back to makah we didn't wear ehraam before to enter in makah.
After that we performed umrah from masjid aisha.And intended to perform hajj same year.Will we do hajj afraad or tamatu? Or only me can do hajj afraad because i live in makah.If i am liable or my family for any damm. Is it compulsory to make damm before hajj
Please please re

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

We take note of the multiple queries in your question. Hereunder are the answers:

 

  • It is prohibited to have intercourse in the state of Ihram. The intercourse you had with your wife while she was in Ihram was a violation of the Ihram. Thus,*Damm is obligatory upon her for the intercourse committed whilst she (your wife) was in Ihram. You may give the Damm on her behalf.[1]
  • When one goes to Makkah, donning the Ihram is required before passing the Meeqat irrespective of one’s intention. If ones goes to Makkah without donning the Ihram, then Damm becomes compulsory. In your case, you will have to pay three Damms, for you, your wife, and your mother.[2]  
  • You may perform Hajj e Ifraad since you are a resident of Makkah. If your mother and wife intend to stay in Makkah for 15 days, they may also perform Hajj e Ifraad.[3]
  • It is not compulsory to pay the Damm before Hajj. It is however undesirable to delay the paying of the Damm.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Abdullah ibn Mohammed Aijaz

Student Darul Iftaa
Baltimore, USA 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



*Damm: Refers to the slaughtering of a goat, a sheep, a one-seventh part of a cow, or a one-seventh part of a camel within the precincts of the Haram in lieu of certain violations made while performing the manaasik (rites) of Hajj and Umrah.

 

الأصل المعروف بالمبسوط للشيباني (2/ 473) [1]

وَحكم الْجِمَاع فِي الْحَج وَالْعمْرَة وَاحِد

 

 الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 476) [2]

(وحرم تأخير الإحرام عنها) كلها (لمن) أي لآفاقي (قصد دخول مكة) يعني الحرم (ولو لحاجة) غير الحج

•---------------------------------•

 ( قوله وحرم إلخ ) فعليه العود إلى ميقات منها وإن لم يكن ميقاته ليحرم منه ، وإلا فعليه دم كما سيأتي بيانه في الجنايات ( قوله كلها ) زاده لأجل دفع ما أورد على عبارة الهداية كما قدمناه آنفا ( قوله أي لآفاقي ) أي ومن ألحق به كالحرمي والحلي إذا خرجا إلى الميقات كما يأتي فتقييده بالآفاقي للاحتراز عما لو بقيا في مكانهما ، فلا يحرم كما يأتي ( قوله يعني الحرم ) أي الآتي تحديده قريبا لا خصوص مكة ، وإنما قيد بها لأن الغالب قصد دخولها ( قوله غير الحج ) كمجرد الرؤية والنزهة أو التجارة فتح

الاختيار لتعليل المختار (1/ 141)

قَالَ: (وَلَا يَجُوزُ لِلْآفَاقِيِّ أَنْ يَتَجَاوَزَهَا إِلَّا مُحْرِمًا إِذَا أَرَادَ دُخُولَ مَكَّةَ) سَوَاءً دَخَلَهَا حَاجًّا أَوْ مُعْتَمِرًا أَوْ تَاجِرًا؛ لِأَنَّ فَائِدَةَ التَّأْقِيتِ هَذَا لِأَنَّهُ يَجُوزُ تَقْدِيمُ الْإِحْرَامِ عَلَيْهَا بِالِاتِّفَاقِ. وَقَالَ - عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ -: «لَا يَتَجَاوَزُ أَحَدٌ الْمِيقَاتَ إِلَّا مُحْرِمًا»

الفتاوى الهندية - ط. دار الفكر (1/ 253)

 الباب العاشر في مجاوزة الميقات بغير إحرام  إذا دخل الآفاقي مكة بغير إحرام وهو لا يريد الحج والعمرة فعليه لدخول مكة إما حجة أو عمرة فإن أحرم بالحج أو العمرة من غير أن يرجع إلى الميقات فعليه دم لترك حق الميقات

 

 مختصر القدوري (ص: 66) [3]

ومن كان منزله بعد المواقيت فميقاته الحل ومن كان بمكة فميقاته في الحج الحرم وفي العمرة الحل

 

 

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.