Category: Prayer (Salaat)
Fatwa#: 36670
Asked Country: India

Answered Date: Dec 04,2018

Title: Salaatul Ishraaq

Question

Assalaamu alaykum,

This is 3rd time i'm posting my question. Didn't get response last 2 times.

1. Regarding Ishraq prayer, can we pray it at home, after spending required time in mosque in zikr after fajr prayer ?

2. Can our ladies pray Ishraq, by following same guidelines, but at home ?

 

Jazakallah Khair.

 

-Sayeed, from India

Answer

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

Brother in Islaam,

The answers to your queries are as follows:

1.      Salaatul Ishraaq can be performed anywhere, at home or in the masjid, after sunrise. It is not necessary for one to perform it in the masjid nor is it necessary to precede it with zikr after Fajr. Consider the following Hadith

عن أبي الدرداء وأبي ذر رضي الله عنهما عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عن الله تبارك وتعالى أنه قال: ابن آدم اركع لي أربع ركعات من أول النهار أكفك آخره.[1]

Translation: Sayyiduna Abu Dardaa and Sayyiduna Abu Zarr (Radhiyallaahu ‘anhuma) narrate from Rasulullaah (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) that Allaah Ta’aala says, “O son of Adam, perform for me four rak’ahs in the beginning of the day and I shall suffice for you (your needs) till the end of the day.” (Tirmidhi 468, Abu Dawood 1289)

 

The procedure you refer to in the query is for an additional virtue mentioned in the following Ahaadith:

عن أنس رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: من صلى الغداة ثم قعد يذكر الله حتى تطلع الشمس ثم صلى ركعتين كانت له كأجر حجة وعمرة. قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: تامة تامة تامة.[2]

Sayyiduna Anas (Radhiyallaahu ‘anh) narrates that Nabi (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “Whoever offers the Fajr salaah in congregation and then remains seated, remembering Allaah until sunrise, and thereafter he performs two rak’ahs, he will receive the reward of one complete Hajj and one complete ‘Umrah.” Rasulullaah (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) repeated the word ‘complete’ thrice. (Tirmidhi 586)

 

عن معاذ بن أنس الجهني رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: من قعد في مصلاه حين ينصرف من صلاة الصبح حتى يسبح ركعتي الضحى لا يقول إلا خيرا غفر له خطاياه وإن كانت أكثر من زبد البحر.[3]

Sayyiduna Mu’aaz ibn Anas Al-Juhani (Radhiyallaahu ‘anh) narrates that Rasulullaah (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “Whoever remains seated in his place after performing the Fajr salaah until he performs the post-sunrise prayer, he does not speak in between except good words, his sins will be forgiven even if they were more than the foams of the ocean.” (Abu Dawood 1287)

 

Accordingly, if one wishes to acquire the latter two virtues, he should remain in the place he perform Salaatul Fajr until sunrise and thereafter perform Salaatul Ishraaq. However, if one leaves and thereafter performs Salaatul Ishraaq after sunrise, he will only receive the reward mentioned in the first Hadith.

2.      The laws and virtues of Salaatul Ishraaq are applicable to both, males and females.

 

And Allaah Ta’aala Knows Best.

Muajul I. Chowdhury

Student, Darul Iftaa

Astoria, New York, USA

 

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 

 


[1] سنن الترمذي ت بشار (1/ 599)

475 - حدثنا أبو جعفر السمناني، قال: حدثنا أبو مسهر، قال: حدثنا إسماعيل بن عياش، عن بحير بن سعد، عن خالد بن معدان، عن جبير بن نفير، عن أبي الدرداء، وأبي ذر، عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عن الله تبارك وتعالى أنه قال: ابن آدم اركع لي أربع ركعات من أول النهار أكفك آخره.

هذا حديث حسن غريب.

 

[2] سنن الترمذي (1/ 727)

586 - حدثنا عبد الله بن معاوية الجمحي البصري، قال: حدثنا عبد العزيز بن مسلم، قال: حدثنا أبو ظلال، عن أنس، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: من صلى الغداة في جماعة ثم قعد يذكر الله حتى تطلع الشمس، ثم صلى ركعتين كانت له كأجر حجة وعمرة، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: تامة تامة تامة.

هذا حديث حسن غريب. وسألت محمد بن إسماعيل: عن أبي ظلال؟ فقال: هو مقارب الحديث، قال محمد: واسمه هلال.

 

[3] سنن أبي داود (2/ 27)

1287 - حدثنا محمد بن سلمة المرادي، حدثنا ابن وهب، عن يحيى بن أيوب، عن زبان بن فائد، عن سهل بن معاذ بن أنس الجهني، عن أبيه، أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، قال «من قعد في مصلاه حين ينصرف من صلاة الصبح، حتى يسبح ركعتي الضحى، لا يقول إلا خيرا، غفر له خطاياه، وإن كانت أكثر من زبد البحر»

 

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