Category: Fasting (Sawm)
Fatwa#: 36277
Asked Country: United Kingdom

Answered Date: Feb 15,2018

Title: Kaffarah for sexual intercourse


Aslaam ualaykum 

I have a question in regards to fasting in Ramadhan.

I am young and have recently married I wanted to ask?

What is the kaffarah for missing one fast if one indulges in sexual activity with your spouse? 

Also if the kaffarah is 60 consecutive days? Is there anything else one can do in regards to the qaffarah. As 60days is a long time and it would be difficult to fast for so long.

Is it permissable to keep one qadha fast and pay for 60 days missed fast.

Secondlly, I have read the hadith bukhari savm 30, hibe 20, nafakat 13, keffarat 2-4; muslim: siyam 81; ebu davud: tahare 124, savm 37. 

According to hadith I have not found out what one can do when 1 fast is broken by sexual activity.


Thirdly if one had no idea of what the kaffarah is or was or had forgotten, is there any exception for breaking the fast.




In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, if one had intercourse with one’s wife in Ramadhan in the state of fasting, then one will have to fast 61 days; one day Qadha and 60 consecutive days.[i] [ii]


Consider the following Hadith:

جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَقَالَ: هَلَكْتُ، فَقَالَ: «وَمَا ذَاكَ؟»، قَالَ: وَقَعْتُ بِأَهْلِي فِي رَمَضَانَ، قَالَ: «تَجِدُ رَقَبَةً؟»، قَالَ: لاَ، قَالَ: «فَهَلْ تَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ تَصُومَ شَهْرَيْنِ مُتَتَابِعَيْنِ؟»، قَالَ: لاَ، قَالَ: «فَتَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ تُطْعِمَ سِتِّينَ مِسْكِينًا؟» قَالَ: لاَ، قَالَ: فَجَاءَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ بِعَرَقٍ، وَالعَرَقُ المِكْتَلُ فِيهِ تَمْرٌ، فَقَالَ: «اذْهَبْ بِهَذَا فَتَصَدَّقْ بِهِ»، قَالَ: عَلَى أَحْوَجَ مِنَّا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، وَالَّذِي بَعَثَكَ بِالحَقِّ مَا بَيْنَ لاَبَتَيْهَا أَهْلُ بَيْتٍ أَحْوَجُ مِنَّا، قَالَ: «اذْهَبْ فَأَطْعِمْهُ أَهْلَكَ»

صحيح البخاري (2600)

Translation: A man came to Rasoolullah ﷺ and said, "I am ruined." Nabo ﷺ asked, "What do you mean?" He said, "I had a sexual intercourse with my wife during Ramadan (while fasting)." Nabi ﷺ asked him, "Can you manumit a slave?" He replied in the negative. He then asked him, "Can you fast for two successive months continuously" He replied in the negative. Nabi ﷺ then asked him, "Can you feed sixty poor persons?" He replied in the negative. In the meantime, an Ansari came with a basket full of dates. Nabi ﷺ said to the man, "Take it and give it in charity (as an expiation of your sin)." The person said "Should I give it to some people who are poorer than us O Allah's Messengerﷺ? By Him Who has sent you with the Truth, there is no family between Medina's two mountains poorer than us." Nabi ﷺ told him to take it and provide his family with it." (Sahih Al-Bukhari: 2600)


Mulla Ali Qari Rahmatullahi quotes Qadhi Ayadh and Ibne Hajar $ who both state that the above Hadith proves that Kaffarah must be in the above order; if it is not possible to free a slave, then one must fast for sixty days consecutively.[iii]


As for Nabi ﷺ telling the person to give the dates as Sadaqah, and then to his family, Mulla Ali Qari states that this was according to the financial situation of the person. [iv] From a principle point of view, such a person still had to fulfil Kaffarah when his financial situation improves.[v]


In conclusion, the above-mentioned Hadith proves that a person who breaks his fast through sexual intercourse must observe the Kaffarah as stipulated in the Hadith.


And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best


Student Darul Iftaa 



Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai



الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 409)

(وإن جامع) المكلف آدميا مشتهى (في رمضان أداء) لما مر (أو جامع) أو توارت الحشفة (في أحد السبيلين) أنزل أو لا

(قوله: وإن جامع إلخ) شروع في القسم الثالث وهو ما يوجب القضاء والكفارة ووجوبها مقيد بما يأتي من كونه عمدا لا مكرها ولم يطرأ مبيح للفطر كحيض ومرض بغير صنعه وبما إذا نوى ليلا

مختصر القدوري (ص: 63)

ومن جامع عامدا في أحد السبيلين أو أكل أو شرب ما يتغذى به أو يتداوى به فعليه القضاء والكفارة



الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 412)

(قوله: ككفارة المظاهر) مرتبط بقوله وكفر أي مثلها في الترتيب فيعتق أولا فإن لم يجد صام شهرين متتابعين فإن لم يستطع أطعم ستين مسكينا لحديث الأعرابي


مختصر القدوري (ص: 63)

والكفارة مثل كفارة الظهار


مرقاة المفاتيح شرح مشكاة المصابيح (4/ 1391)

قال القاضي: وكذا في شرح السنة رتب الثاني بالفاء على فقد الأول، ثم الثالث بالفاء على فقد الثاني، فدل على الترتيب، …، قال ابن حجر: الكفارة مرتبة ككفارة الظهار المذكورة في سورة المجادلة، وهو قول الشافعي والأكثرين،


شرح صحيح البخارى لابن بطال (4/ 74)

قال ابن شهاب: إباحة النبى لذلك الرجل أكل الكفارة لعسرته رخصة له وخصوص، وقال: لو أن رجلاً فعل ذلك اليوم لم يكن له بد من التكفير، وزعم الطبرى أن قياس قول أبى حنيفة، والثورى، وأبى ثور أن الكفارة دين عليه لا يسقطها عنه عسرته كسائر الكفارات


مرقاة المفاتيح شرح مشكاة المصابيح (4/ 1392)

والظاهر أنه خصوصية لأنه وقع عند الدارقطني في هذا الحديث: فقد كفر الله عنك


انعام الباري 5/528

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