Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Fatwa#: 36200
Asked Country: United Arab Emirates

Answered Date: Jan 26,2018

Title: Praying having not heard the Adhaan.

Question

I would like to ask a few questions,

1. After shuruq can you still pray fajir? I mean will it be on time or will it be qatha'?

2. If you hold your husband's hand does it break your wudu'?

3. If it is now time for asr or any prayer, and we didn't hear the call to prayer at the mosque, because we are in North America and they don't broadcast the call to prayer but the program on our computer/phone or the prayer time table we got from the mosque says it's now time for asr, can you still pray thuhr? Can you pray asr or do you have to make sure that they made the call to prayer at the mosque?

Thank you

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

  1. The time for Fajar commences when the whitish glow spreading from East to West is observed and remains until the rising of the sun. [i]

Once the sun rises, Fajar Salah will become Qadha.[ii]

 

  1. Holding your husbands hand will not break either of your Wudhu.[iii]

 

  1. 3.    Salaah becomes obligatory on a person as soon as the time starts.[iv] This is regardless of whether one hears the Adhaan or not.[v] As soon as the time for that particular Salah terminates and one has still not prayed, then that Salah will be considered a Qadha Salah.  

 

You may ask your local Masjid for a Salah timetable and pray according to the times mentioned therein.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 Ridwaan

Student UK

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai

 



[i]

Kitaabul Fiqh (page: 53) – Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi – ILMI Publications.

[ii]

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 65)

والقضاء فعل الواجب بعد وقته

[iii]

درر الحكام شرح غرر الأحكام (1/ 16)

(و) ناقضه أيضا (المباشرة الفاحشة) وهي أن يباشر امرأته متجردين وانتشرت آلته وأصاب فرجه فرجها (للجانبين) أي ينتقض وضوء الرجل، والمرأة (لا مس الذكر، والمرأة) فإنه غير ناقض عندنا خلافا للشافعي

[iv]

درر الحكام شرح غرر الأحكام (1/ 50)

(وتجب بأول الوقت على غير معذور) لوجود السبب كما تقرر في الأصول.

(و) تجب (عليه) أي على المعذور كصبي بلغ وكافر أسلم ومجنون ومغمى عليه أفاقا وحائض ونفساء طهرتا (بآخره) لأن السبب في حقه (ولا تجوز قبله) لامتناع تقدم المسبب على السبب.

[v]

درر الحكام شرح غرر الأحكام (1/ 54)

(قوله وشرعا إعلام وقت الصلاة) أقول لعل السر في عدوله عن قول غيره إعلام بدخول وقت الصلاة، وإن صح أن يكون كذلك على حذف مضاف للإشعار بأنه لا يختص بأول الوقت لما أنه يبرد به كالصلاة في الصيف كما في البحر.

(قوله سن سنة مؤكدة) هو الصحيح كما في الكافي وهو قول عامة الفقهاء، وكذا الإقامة.

وقال بعض مشايخنا واجب، وقال محمد بمقاتلة أهل بلدة اجتمعوا على تركه وأبو يوسف يحبسون ويضربون ولا يقاتلون.

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