Fatwa: # 33351
Category: Fasting (Sawm)
Country: United Kingdom
Date: 30th June 2015

Title

The Kaffārah (expiation) for a broken fast

Question

Can one pay kaffara and feed the poor as oppose to keeping 60 fasts consecutively for breaking one fast? If so, how many people need to be fed for just the one fast? 

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuhu

If a Muslim deliberately breaks his fast during Ramadan with no justifiable reason in Sharī῾āh, then he has to compensate by paying Kaffārah (expiation) for the sin.

The Kaffārah (expiation) for a broken fast, which is in addition to making up the fast for the missed day is sixty consecutive days. If the sixty days is interrupted without a legitimate Shar῾ī reason, then one has to recommence the sixty days.

One will be required to pay Fidyah if one cannot fast due to old age or chronic illness. One cannot pay Fidyah if one has the ability to fast. Moreover if one recovered from one’s illness such that one can fast again during/after Ramadhaan, then one should make up all the previous fasts. Paying Fidyah in such a condition will not suffice. However if one is unable to make up for the missed fasts due to old age or chronic illness then only Fidyah can be paid.

 

The fidya of each fast is half a Saa (1.75kg to 2.32 kg / 3.86 lb to 5.11 lb) of wheat (or its monetary equivalent) which is equivalent to the amount of Sadaqatul Fitr in your country.[1]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

Ismail Desai,

Darul Iftaa

 

Checked and Approved,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 

 

 

 



1 قال مشايخنا إذا  كان مريض يعلم أن آخره الموت وامتد ذلك حتى أمكنه الإيصاء يجعل في هذه الحالة بمنزلة الشيخ الفاني

(المحيط البرهاني، كتاب الصوم، الفصل السابع، نوع آخر: 3/361؛ إدارة)

(و منها المرض) المريض إذا خاف على نفسه التلف أو ذهاب عضو يفطر بالإجماع، وإن خاف زيادة العلة وامتدادها فكذلك عندنا)

وعليه القضاء  إذا أفطر كذا في المحيط. ثم معرفة ذلك باجتهاد المريض والاجتهاد غير مجرد الوهم بل هو غلبة ظن عن أمارة أو تجربة أو بإخبار طبيب مسلم غير ظاهر الفسق كذا في فتح القدير

يعطي لكل صلوة نصف صاع من بر كالفطرة ز كذا حكم الوتر و الصوم ( الدر المختار، ج 1، ص 101)

لكل يوم نصف صاع من بر او قيمته بشرط دوام عجز الفاني (حاشية الطحطاوي، ص 688، قديمي)

الفتاوى الهندية، ١/ ٢٠٧ دار الفكر

(أحسن الفتاوى، كتاب الصوم: 4/430؛ سعيد)

(فتاوى رحيمية، كتاب الصوم، فدية صوم وصلاة: 7/271-272؛ الإشاعت) 

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