Fatwa: # 32570
Category: Hajj and Umrah (Pilgrimage)
Country: Pakistan
Date: 14th April 2015

Title

Hajj e Badal

Question

 

My father, who is 80 years old and has not yet performed hajj, is willing to give me money to take my mother to perform hajj. My father shall not be able to perform hajj due to old age and also heart and diabetic illness.

My mother who is around 60 years old is physically active and can perform hajj, if I accompany her.

I am a married person with two small kids aged under 3 and I do not have enough savings to pay for my and my wife’s hajj.

If I take money from my father to take my mother for hajj, can I perform Hajj-e-Badal for my father?

If I have just enough savings of my own to perform my own hajj (without my wife), can I still perform Hajj-e-Badal for my father from his money and some years later, take my wife to perform my own farz Hajj with my wife ?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh

It is permissible for one who has not yet performed his own Fardh Hajj to perform Hajj-Badal (on behalf of someone else). However, this is Makrooh (disliked).[1]

 

The one who is performing the Hajj-Badal will not be absolved of his Fardh Hajj since he is doing it on behalf of someone else.[2]

 

In your situation, since you are accompanying your mother as a Mahram, and your father is unable to perform Hajj, it is hoped in view of the circumstances the Karahat (reprehensibility) of you performing Hajje – Badal due to not performing Hajj before will be removed.

 

You may accompany your wife later and perform your Fardh Hajj with her.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

Ismail Desai,

Darul Iftaa

 

Checked and Approved,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 

 

 

 



 فتاوى الهندية (1/ 257)1

وَالْأَفْضَلُ لِلْإِنْسَانِ إذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يُحِجَّ رَجُلًا عَنْ نَفْسِهِ أَنْ يُحِجَّ رَجُلًا قَدْ حَجَّ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ، وَمَعَ هَذَا لَوْ أَحَجَّ رَجُلًا لَمْ يَحُجَّ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ حَجَّةَ الْإِسْلَامِ يَجُوزُ عِنْدَنَا وَسَقَطَ الْحَجُّ عَنْ الْآمِرِ، كَذَا فِي الْمُحِيطِ

المحيط البرهاني في الفقه النعماني (2/ 478)

ومع هذا لو أحج رجلاً لم يحج عن نفسه حجة الإسلام يجوز عندنا، وسقط الحج عن الآمر

 

 2خير الفتاوي (4/156) مكتبه امداديه

 

فتاوي محموديه (10/401) ادارة الفاروق

 الفتاوى الهندية (1/ 257)

ثُمَّ الصَّحِيحُ مِنْ الْمَذْهَبِ فِيمَنْ حَجَّ عَنْ غَيْرِهِ أَنَّ أَصْلَ الْحَجِّ يَقَعُ عَنْ الْمَحْجُوجِ عَنْهُ وَلِهَذَا لَا يَسْقُطُ بِهِ الْفَرْضُ عَنْ الْمَأْمُورِ وَهُوَ الْحَاجُّ

الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (1/ 178)

ثم ظاهر المذهب أن الحج يقع عن المحجوج عنه

الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (1/ 179)

ومن أمره رجلان بأن يحج عن كل واحد منها حجة فأهل بحجة عنهما فهي عن الحاج ويضمن النفقة " لأن الحج يقع عن الأمر حتى لا يخرج الحاج عن حجة الإسلام

بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (2/ 212)

وَأَمَّا كَيْفِيَّةُ النِّيَابَةِ فِيهِ، فَذَكَرَ فِي الْأَصْلِ أَنَّ الْحَجَّ يَقَعُ عَنْ الْمَحْجُوجِ عَنْهُ

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.
The Messenger of Allah said, "When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of Deen."
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]