Fatwa: # 32443
Category: Prayer (Salaat)
Country: France
Date: 22nd March 2015

Title

Clarification on the authenticity of a report that states the origins of tashahhud.

Question

I need clarification on the following report : some people report that the tashahhud originated from mi'raj ie it was a conversation between Allah the Exalted, His Prophet ('alayhis salam) and the Angels. You provided proofs in fatwa #28277 albeit from secondary sources. Now there are 'ulamas and muhaditheen who say there is no known sanad for this and no authentic hadith book contains this narration (see for example this link).

For sure the 'Ulama you quoted were inspiring figures of Islam, but I am uneasy spreading a narration that may not have any sanad going back to the Prophet ('alayhis salam) just by using an argument of authority.

Can you please shed some light on this. Jazakumullahu kheyran.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Some scholars have mentioned the incident in reference without its chain of transmission.[1] However, we were unable to locate it in any primary source of Hadīth. In this regard, ‘Allāmah Anwar Shāh Kashmīrī writes, “I have not come the chain of transmission for this narration. It (i.e. the incident) is mentioned in al-Rawd al-Unuf.”[2] It should be noted that ‘Allāmah ‘Abd al-Rahmān al-Suhaylī in al-Rawd al-Unuf also does not mention the chain of transmission. [3] Accordingly, until the chain of transmission is not located and examined, it would be advised not to quote the incident.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Muntasir Zaman

Student Darul Iftaa
USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



 غنية المتملي (حلبي كبير) ص329 مكتبه رشيديه[1]

 العرف الشذي 283:1دار التراث العربي – معارف السنن 86:3 ايج ايم سعيد [2]

 الروض الأنف 286:2 دار المعرفة [3]

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.
The Messenger of Allah said, "When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of Deen."
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]