Fatwa: # 30924
Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings...
Country: Bangladesh
Date: 25th October 2014

Title

May I keep pictures of the deceased?

Question

I am i a practical Muslim and i do try to follow the Quran and Sunnah all the time. Therefore I Have few questions to ask.My first question will be-

1 : Is it allowed to have a death persons ( A girl-very good friend of mine,we were meant to get married with both of our parents permission  )Pictures and videos on  the social networking sites(facebook) or even in an album on the personal computer? More specifically, if some one keeps any dead persons picture or videos then is it gonna put any bad consequences  on that dead persons HEREAFTER ?


Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is prohibited to have a relationship with any non-mahram woman. Despite the woman being your future fiancé, it remains unlawful to talk and look at the woman until you two are married. Furthermore, it will be impermissible to keep pictures or videos of the woman in discussion or any reference person by any means possible. However, this will not effect the deceased but you will remain sinful.[1]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

AbdulMannan Nizami

Student Darul Iftaa
Chicago, IL, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net



[1](قَوْلُهُ وَلُبْسُ ثَوْبٍ فِيهِ تَمَاثِيلُ) عَدَلَ عَنْ قَوْلِ غَيْرِهِ تَصَاوِيرُ لِمَا فِي الْمُغْرِبِ: الصُّورَةُ عَامٌّ فِي ذِي الرُّوحِ وَغَيْرِهِ، وَالتِّمْثَالُ خَاصٌّ بِمِثَالِ ذِي الرُّوحِ وَيَأْتِي أَنَّ غَيْرَ ذِي الرُّوحِ لَا يُكْرَهُ قَالَ الْقُهُسْتَانِيُّ: وَفِيهِ إشْعَارٌ بِأَنَّهُ لَا تُكْرَهُ صُورَةُ الرَّأْسِ، وَفِيهِ خِلَافٌ كَمَا فِي اتِّخَاذِهَا كَذَا فِي الْمُحِيطِ، قَالَ فِي الْبَحْرِ: وَفِي الْخُلَاصَةِ وَتُكْرَهُ التَّصَاوِيرُ عَلَى الثَّوْبِ صَلَّى فِيهِ أَوْ لَا انْتَهَى، وَهَذِهِ الْكَرَاهَةُ تَحْرِيمِيَّةٌ. وَظَاهِرُ كَلَامِ النَّوَوِيِّ فِي شَرْحِ مُسْلِمٍ الْإِجْمَاعُ عَلَى تَحْرِيمِ تَصْوِيرِ الْحَيَوَانِ، وَقَالَ: وَسَوَاءٌ صَنَعَهُ لِمَا يُمْتَهَنُ أَوْ لِغَيْرِهِ، فَصَنْعَتُهُ حَرَامٌ بِكُلِّ حَالٍ لِأَنَّ فِيهِ مُضَاهَاةَ لِخَلْقِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى، وَسَوَاءٌ كَانَ فِي ثَوْبٍ أَوْ بِسَاطٍ أَوْ دِرْهَمٍ وَإِنَاءٍ وَحَائِطٍ وَغَيْرِهَا اهـ فَيَنْبَغِي أَنْ يَكُونَ حَرَامًا لَا مَكْرُوهًا إنْ ثَبَتَ الْإِجْمَاعُ أَوْ قَطْعِيَّةُ الدَّلِيلِ بِتَوَاتُرِهِ اهـ كَلَامُ الْبَحْرِ مُلَخَّصًا. وَظَاهِرُ قَوْلِهِ فَيَنْبَغِي الِاعْتِرَاضُ عَلَى الْخُلَاصَةِ فِي تَسْمِيَتِهِ مَكْرُوهًا.

قُلْت: لَكِنَّ مُرَادَ الْخُلَاصَةِ اللُّبْسُ الْمُصَرَّحِ بِهِ فِي الْمُتُونِ، بِدَلِيلِ قَوْلِهِ فِي الْخُلَاصَةِ بَعْدَ مَا مَرَّ: أَمَّا إذَا كَانَ فِي يَدِهِ وَهُوَ يُصَلِّي لَا يُكْرَهُ وَكَلَامُ النَّوَوِيِّ فِي فِعْلِ التَّصْوِيرِ، وَلَا يَلْزَمُ مِنْ حُرْمَتِهِ حُرْمَةُ الصَّلَاةِ فِيهِ بِدَلِيلِ أَنَّ التَّصْوِيرَ يَحْرُمُ؛ وَلَوْ كَانَتْ الصُّورَةُ صَغِيرَةً كَالَّتِي عَلَى الدِّرْهَمِ أَوْ كَانَتْ فِي الْيَدِ أَوْ مُسْتَتِرَةً أَوْ مُهَانَةً مَعَ أَنَّ الصَّلَاةَ بِذَلِكَ لَا تَحْرُمُ، بَلْ وَلَا تُكْرَهُ لِأَنَّ عِلَّةَ حُرْمَةِ التَّصْوِيرِ الْمُضَاهَاةُ لِخَلْقِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى، وَهِيَ مَوْجُودَةٌ فِي كُلِّ مَا ذُكِرَ. وَعِلَّةُ كَرَاهَةِ الصَّلَاةِ بِهَا التَّشَبُّهُ وَهِيَ مَفْقُودَةٌ فِيمَا ذُكِرَ كَمَا يَأْتِي، فَاغْتَنِمْ هَذَا التَّحْرِيرَ

[رد المحتار، فرع لا باس بتکلیم المصلی، ج۱، ص٦٤٧، سعید]

 

أَقُولُ: وَالظَّاهِرُ أَنَّهُ يَلْحَقُ بِهِ الصَّلِيبُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ تِمْثَالَ ذِي رَوْحٍ لِأَنَّ فِيهِ تَشَبُّهًا بِالنَّصَارَى. وَيُكْرَهُ التَّشَبُّهُ بِهِمْ فِي الْمَذْمُومِ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَقْصِدْهُ كَمَا مَرَّ۔۔۔(قَوْلُهُ أَوْ لِغَيْرِ ذِي رُوحٍ) لِقَوْلِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ لِلسَّائِلِ " فَإِنْ كُنْت لَا بُدَّ فَاعِلًا فَاصْنَعْ الشَّجَرَ وَمَا لَا نَفْسَ لَهُ " رَوَاهُ الشَّيْخَانِ، وَلَا فَرْقَ فِي الشَّجَرِ بَيْنَ الْمُثْمِرِ وَغَيْرِهِ خِلَافًا لِمُجَاهِدٍ بَحْرٌ (قَوْلُهُ لِأَنَّهَا لَا تُعْبَدُ) أَيْ هَذِهِ الْمَذْكُورَاتُ وَحِينَئِذٍ فَلَا يَحْصُلُ التَّشَبُّهُ

[رد المحتار، فرع لا باس بتکلیم المصلی، ج۱، ص٦٤٩، سعید]

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