Category: Fasting (Sawm)
Fatwa#: 30027
Asked Country: United Kingdom

Answered Date: Aug 19,2018

Title: Do i have to give Kaffarah for Saum?

Question

Salaam Alykum.

I suffer from Irritabel Bowel Syndrome (IBS), I was fasting in Ramadhan and one day my IBS flared up and I was suffering from severe stomach cramps and pains. I waited for few hours but could not cope so I ahd to break my fast to take tablet and drick Water. Do I have to give Kaffara or make up 1 qaza?

Next day I did not fast as I was still not well. However on third day I woke up for Suhoor, but did not make niyah and wanted to see how I feel, however by 9 am I was not feeling well so drank some water and took tablet again. As this correct or did I make a mistake? again do I need to do Kaffara or Qaza?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Dear Brother,

You broke your fast due to ill health. Likewise, you did not fast for the following two days also due to ill health. You will have to make qadhaa (make up) for the three days you did not fast. There is no kaffarah for breaking fast due to ill health or due to not fasting.  

 

Kaffarah becomes compulsory only if one breaks his fast without any valid excuse in Shariah.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Tareque Ahmed

Student Darul Iftaa
New York, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

__________________________________

بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (2/ 85)

وقت النية: فالأفضل في الصيامات كلها أن ينوي وقت طلوع الفجر إن أمكنه ذلك، أو من الليل، لأن النية عند طلوع الفجر تقارن أول جزء من العبادة حقيقة ومن الليل تقارنه تقديرا، وإن نوى بعد طلوع الفجر فإن كان الصوم دينا لا يجوز بالإجماع، وإن كان عينا وهو صوم رمضان وصوم التطوع خارج رمضان

حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح (ص: 663)

"إذا فعل" المكلف "الصائم" مبيتا النية في أداء رمضان ولم يطرأ ما يبيح الفطر بعده كمرض أو قبله كسفر وكان فعله "شيئا منها" أي المفسدات "طائعا" احترازا عن المكره ولو أكرهته زوجته في الأصح كما في الجوهرة وبه يفتى فلا كفارة

 

 

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