Fatwa: # 29608
Category: Fasting (Sawm)
Country: Australia
Date: 23rd May 2019

Title

Kaffara for Breaking Ten Fasts

Question

Assalamu alaykum, If I break 10 fast in Ramadan intentionally , do I need to make 60 consecutive fast 10 times or one time then the 10 qadah?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, if one intentionally breaks 10 fasts in Ramadan, a single kaffara (fasting 60 consecutive days once) will suffice. [1]

It is preferable to complete the 10 days of qada fasts before the kaffara.

And Allah Ta‘ālā Knows Best.

Checked and Approved by:
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

____


[1]

مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح (ص: 251)

"وكفت كفارة واحدة عن جماع وأكل" عمدا "متعددة في أيام" كثيرة و "لم يتخلله" أي الجماع أو الأكل عمدا "تكفير" لأن الكفارة للزجر وبواحدة يحصل "ولو" كانت الأيام "من رمضانين على الصحيح" للتداخل قدر الإمكان

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (٢/٤١٣)

ولو تكرر فطره ولم يكفر للأول يكفيه واحدة ولو في رمضانين عند محمد وعليه الاعتماد بزازية ومجتبى وغيرهما

المبسوط للسرخسي (٣/٧٥)

فإن جامع في رمضانين فقد ذكر في الكسائيات عن محمد - رحمه الله تعالى - أن عليه كفارتين لاعتبار تجدد حرمة الشهر والصوم وأكثر مشايخنا يقولون: لا اعتماد على تلك الرواية، والصحيح أن عليه كفارة واحدة لاعتبار معنى التداخل

 

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