Category: Charity, Ramadhan (Zakat ul Fitr)
Fatwa#: 29471
Asked Country: India

Answered Date: Nov 30,-0001

Title: Giving one person an entire amount of Fidyah.

Question

My mother died. now i want to give compensation for her missed roza (which she not made intention for that is kaza) . for kaffara of roza there is a rule that - you cannot give  more than one  " fidyia " in one day to one person . I want to know is this rule is also applicable in case of paying for roza? suppose i want to " fidyia " of 5 kaza roza  to one single person on one single day - will that be valid? 

2. If in case of "fidyia" of namaza i give more than one fidyia to one parson on one day - is that valid ?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is permissible to give one poor person more than one Fidyah a day. In fact, one may also give the entire amount of Fidyah to one person all at once. This applies to both the Fidyah of Salāh as well as Sawm (fasting).[1]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Nabeel Valli

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net



[1]   حاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 73) [أيج أيم سعيد]

 ... لكن لا بد في كفارة الأيمان من عشرة مساكين، ولا يصح أن يدفع للواحد أكثر من نصف صاع في يوم للنص على العدد فيها، بخلاف فدية الصلاة فإنه يجوز إعطاء فدية صلوات لواحد كما يأتي.

 

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 74) [أيج أيم سعيد]

ولو أعطاه الكل جاز

قال ابن عابدين: (قوله جاز) أي بخلاف كفارة اليمين والظهار والإفطار تتارخانية.

 

الفتاوى الهندية (1/ 125) [المكتبة الرشيدية]

 وَلَوْ دُفِعَ جُمْلَةً إلَى فَقِيرٍ وَاحِدٍ جَازَ بِخِلَافِ كَفَّارَةِ الْيَمِينِ وَكَفَّارَةِ الظِّهَارِ وَكَفَّارَةِ الْإِفْطَارِ وفي الْوَلْوَالِجِيَّةِ وَلَوْ دُفِعَ عن خَمْسِ صَلَوَاتٍ تِسْعُ أَمْنَانٍ لِفَقِيرٍ وَاحِدٍ وَمَنًّا لِفَقِيرٍ وَاحِدٍ اخْتَارَ الْفَقِيهُ أَنَّهُ يَجُوزُ عن أَرْبَعِ صَلَوَاتٍ وَلَا يَجُوزُ عن الصَّلَاةِ الْخَامِسَةِ

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