Category: Prayer (Salaat)
Fatwa#: 29263
Asked Country: United Kingdom

Answered Date: Nov 30,-0001

Title: Should I read surah fatiha and surah or not?

Question

An elderly woman complains of being forgetful in salah, many a time she cannot remember if she read sura fatiha. Should she read the sura fatiha just to make sure, and should she follow it with a sura again

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

At the outset, the individual should apply her mind and decide according to that which her mind is more inclined towards to. However, if she is unable to ascertain and she is in doubt, then the most cautious opinion is to read the surah fātiha and sura again.

Nevertheless, there is a possibility that she had already recited sura fatiha before. Therefore, if she is praying the first two rak`ats of fardh salah and she recites the surah fatiha again due to forgetfulness, then she should exercise caution and perform sajda sahw at the end[1].

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Hanif Yusuf Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
UK

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net



[1] If you repeat the surah fātiha in the first two rak`ats of fardh salāh, then it is necessary to perform sajda sahw. On the contrary, if the sura fātiha is repeated in the last two rak`ats of fardh salāh or it was repeated after adding any other surah in the first two rak`ats, then there is no sajda sahw necessary

 

(قوله وكذا ترك تكريرها إلخ) فلو قرأها في ركعة من الأوليين مرتين وجب سجود السهو لتأخير الواجب وهو السورة كما في الذخيرة وغيرها، وكذا لو قرأ أكثرها ثم أعادها كما في الظهيرية، أما لو قرأها قبل السورة مرة وبعدها مرة فلا يجب كما في الخانية واختاره في المحيط والظهيرية والخلاصة وصححه الزاهدي لعدم لزوم التأخير لأن الركوع ليس واجبا بإثر السورة، فإنه لو جمع بين سور بعد الفاتحة لا يجب عليه شيء، كذا في البحر.

هنا وفي سجود السهو. قال في شرح المنية: وقيد بالأوليين لأن الاقتصار على مرة في الأخريين ليس بواجب، حتى لا يلزمه سجود السهو بتكرار الفاتحة فيهما سهوا، ولو تعمده لا يكره ما لم يؤد إلى التطويل على الجماعة أو إطالة الركعة على ما قبلها. اهـ

[Radd al-Muhtār alā al-Durr al-Mukhtār, 1: 460, H.M. Saeed]

 [Ghunyat al-Mutamalli alā sharh Munyat al-Musalli li Ibrahim al-Halabī (Halabī Saghīr), p. 274,  Dar al-Nashr al-`Imiyyah; al-Fatāwā al-Hindiyyah, 1: 126, Maktabah Rashīdiyyah; Tabyīn al-Haqā`iq, 1: 473, Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyyah, Beirut; Fatāwā Qādhī Khan, 1: 121, Maktabah Rashidiyyah]

[Fatāwā Mahmūdiyyah, 7: 408-9, Dar al-Iftā Jamiah Faruūqiyyah, Karachi]

 

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