Fatwa: # 28705
Category: Inviting to Islam
Country: United States
Date: 19th March 2014

Title

Islam in the Amazon and Rainforests

Question

A question out of curiosity ,how will the situation be of those people living in places on earth like the rainforests or the indigenous in the Amazon, they don’t know about Islam or anything they are brought up cut off from this world affairs how will their situation be on day of judgment will they still be accountable? The case being that they never encountered anyone who has told them about Allah and Islam?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

Living in this time and era famously known as a ‘global jungle’, it is highly impossible for one not to have contact with modern society. Technology has become the norm of the day. Research, studying, communicating, business and even shopping could be done in the comfort of one’s home without even moving. Today, almost anything and everything could be searched for on the internet. Therefore, there remains no excuse for a person not receiving the message of Islam.

However, in a hypothetical situation, some people may not have any contact with our modern society. For example; Brazil’s Amazon is home to more uncontacted tribes than anywhere in the world who haven’t had any contact with our society and depend solely on the resources of nature. There are thought to have at least 77 isolated groups in this rainforest, according to the government’s Indian affairs department FUNAI. [1]

Regarding such people, there are differences of opinion amongst the scholars as to what would be the faith of a person who did not receive the message of Islam. The great Muhaddith, Ibn Hajar Asqalaani and other great scholars opined that such a person will be tested in the hereafter and would be dealt with justly.[2]

It is sufficient for a person to recognize Allah by merely comprehending over the magnificence of nature. A person living in the amazon or in rainforests is surrounded by nature every second of his life. If such a person has to comprehend over the reality of nature and its creation, ultimately it would be realized that there is only one Creator and one Lord-Allah. This is apart from witnessing Allah’s power within one’s own body; the eyes, the ears, the taste buds, the digestion of food and throwing out its toxins. There are innumerable (millions and more) clear indications of the existence of Allah around every individual. Allah left no excuse for any individual not to know Allah.

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Ismaeel Bassa

Student Darul Iftaa

Durban South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net

 

 

 



[1] http://www.survivalinternational.org/tribes/uncontacted-brazil

[2]أَنهم يمْتَحنُونفِي الْآخِرَة بِأَن ترفع لَهُم نَار، فَمن دَخلهَا كَانَت عَلَيْهِ بردا وَسلَامًا، وَمن أبي عذب. وَقَالَ الْبَزَّار: حَدثنَا مُحَمَّد بن عمر بن هتاخ الْكُوفِي حَدثنَا عبيد الله بن مُوسَى حَدثنَا فُضَيْل بن مَرْزُوق عَن عَطِيَّة عَن أبي سعيد عَن النَّبِي صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم أَحْسبهُ قَالَ: (يُؤْتى بالهالك فِي الفترة وَالْمَعْتُوه والمولود، فَيَقُول الْهَالِك فِي الفترة: لم يأتني كتاب وَلَا رَسُول، وَيَقُول الْمَعْتُوه: أَي رب، لم تجْعَل لي عقلا أَعقل بِهِ خيرا وَلَا شرا، وَيَقُول الْمَوْلُود: لم أدْرك الْعَمَل. قَالَ: فَترفع لَهُم نَار، فَيُقَال لَهُم: رِدُوها، أَو قَالَ: أدخلوها فيدخلها من كَانَ فِي علم الله سعيدا أَو أدْرك الْعَمَل، قَالَ: ويمسك عَنْهَا من كَانَ فِي علم الله شقيا، أَي: لَو أدْرك الْعَمَل فَيَقُول: تبَارك وَتَعَالَى: إيَّايَ عصيتم فَكيف برسلي بِالْغَيْبِ) . قَالَ الْبَزَّار: لَا نعلمهُ يرْوى عَن أبي سعيد إلاَّ من حَدِيث فُضَيْل، وَرَوَاهُ الطَّبَرَانِيّ من حَدِيث معَاذ بن جبل، رَضِي الله تَعَالَى عَنهُ، وَقيل: قد صحت مَسْأَلَة الامتحان فِي حق الْمَجْنُون وَمن مَاتَ فِي الفترة من طرق صَحِيحَة وروى الْبَزَّار من حَدِيث أنس بن مَالك قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُول الله صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم: (يُؤْتى بأَرْبعَة يَوْم الْقِيَامَة: بالمولود وَالْمَعْتُوه وَمن مَاتَ فِي الفترة وبالشيخ الفاني، كلهم يتَكَلَّم بحجته، فَيَقُول الله تَعَالَى لعنق من جَهَنَّم، أَحْسبهُ قَالَ: إبرزي، فَيَقُول لَهُم: إِنِّي كنت أبْعث إِلَى عبَادي رسلًا من أنفسهم، وَإِنِّي رَسُول نَفسِي إِلَيْكُم أدخلُوا هَذِه. فَيَقُول من كتب عَلَيْهِ الشَّقَاء: يَا رب أتدخلناها وَمِنْهَا كُنَّا نفرق، وَمن كتب لَهُ السَّعَادَة فيمضي فيقتحم فِيهَا مسرعا. قَالَ: فَيَقُول الله: قد عصيتموني وَأَنْتُم لرسلي أَشد تَكْذِيبًا ومعصية. قَالَ: فَيدْخل هَؤُلَاءِ الْجنَّة وَهَؤُلَاء النَّار) . وروى أَيْضا من حَدِيث الْأسود بن سريع عَن النَّبِي، صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم، قَالَ: (يعرض على الله الْأَصَم الَّذِي لَا يسمع شَيْئا والأحمق والهرم وَرجل مَاتَ فِي الفترة: فَيَقُول الْأَصَم رب جَاءَ الأسلام وَمَا أسمع شَيْئا وَيَقُول الأحمق رب جَاءَ الْإِسْلَام وَمَا أَعقل شَيْئا وَيَقُول الَّذِي مَاتَ فِي الفترة رب مَا أَتَانِي لَك من رَسُول، قَالَ: فَيَأْخُذ مواثيقهم، فَيُرْسل إِلَيْهِم تبَارك وَتَعَالَى: أدخلُوا النَّار، فوالذي نفس مُحَمَّد بِيَدِهِ لَو دخلوها لكَانَتْ عَلَيْهِم بردا وَسلَامًا. وَحكى الْبَيْهَقِيّ فِي كتاب الِاعْتِقَاد أَن مَسْأَلَة الامتحان فِي حق الْمَجْنُون وَمن مَاتَ فِي الفترة هُوَ الْمَذْهَب الصَّحِيح، وَاعْترض بِأَن الْآخِرَة لَيست بدار تَكْلِيف فَلَا عمل فِيهَا وَلَا ابتلاء. وَأجِيب: بِأَن ذَلِك بعد أَن يَقع الِاسْتِقْرَار فِي الْجنَّة أَو النَّار، وَأما فِي عرصات يَوْم الْقِيَامَة فَلَا مَانع من ذَلِك، وَقد قَالَ تَعَالَى: {يَوْم يكْشف عَن سَاق وَيدعونَ إِلَى السُّجُود فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ} (الْقَلَم: 24) . { فتح الباري، ج 3، ص 246}

 

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