Fatwa: # 26101
Category: Charity, Obligatory (Zakaat)
Country: United States
Date: 26th March 2019

Title

Zakaah to build a mosque

Question

assalam-o-alaikum! I wanted to know if zakat can be givne towards building of a mosque in foreign country.For e.g. for a mosque being built in USA.I live in USA too.Jazakallah

Answer

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

In principle, tamleek (to hand over in ownership) is a condition for the validity of zakaah. Tamleek takes place through a human being. Tamleek does not take place in the case of a cause or a building as they do not have the direct ability to assume ownership like in the case of a human being. The recipients of zakaah[1] must assume ownership of the zakaah given to them. Masjids and their boards are not legitimate recipients of zakaah and nor can the condition of tamleek be fulfilled through them directly.

Accordingly, zakaah cannot be given towards the building of a mosque.

 

And Allaah Ta’aala Knows Best.

Muajul I. Chowdhury

Student, Darul Iftaa

Astoria, New York, USA

 

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 


[1]  سورة التوبة (أية 60)

إِنَّمَا الصَّدَقَاتُ لِلْفُقَرَاءِ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْعَامِلِينَ عَلَيْهَا وَالْمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ وَالْغَارِمِينَ وَفِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ فَرِيضَةً مِنَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ

 

الفتاوى الهندية (1/ 188)

ولا يجوز أن يبني بالزكاة المسجد وكذا القناطر والسقايات وإصلاح الطرقات وكري الأنهار والحج والجهاد وكل ما لا تمليك فيه ولا يجوز أن يكفن بها ميت ولا يقضى بها دين الميت كذا في التبيين.

 

الدر المختار شرح تنوير الأبصار وجامع البحار (ص: 137)

(لا) يصرف (إلى بناء) نحو (مسجد و) لا إلى (كفن ميت وقضاء دينه)

 

حاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 344)

(قوله: نحو مسجد) كبناء القناطر والسقايات وإصلاح الطرقات وكري الأنهار والحج والجهاد وكل ما لا تمليك فيه زيلعي (قوله: ولا إلى كفن ميت) لعدم صحة التمليك منه؛ ألا ترى أنه لو افترسه سبع كان الكفن للمتبرع لا للورثة نهر

 

فتاوی محمودیۃ  (9/ 570)

 

احسن الفتاوى (4/ 292)

 

 

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