Fatwa: # 25939
Category: Marriage (Nikah)
Country: Saint Kitts and Nevis
Date: 25th April 2019

Title

I am giving you divorce eventually

Question

salaam

so here is the explanation for my situation. 2 talaks were given previously in a year but were voided. The third one was sent like this in a text mesg, " i am giving you divorce "name" eventually". his intention behind it was pertaining to the future , not at the present moment. 
We follow hanafi, and spoke to a few imams that told us based off the wording it means that talaq happened. But according to many shafai imams they have said that our marriage is still intact. 
Please let me know if it advised to follow the shafai teachings in order to save the marriage
thanks, 

Answer

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

Sister in Islaam,

Your husband’s statement “I am giving you divorce ‘x’ eventually” has two possibilities. Did he mean “I will give you talaaq eventually in the future” or did he mean “I am finally giving you talaaq now”?

In the first possibility, talaaq will not take place[1]. In the second possibility, talaaq will take place and will constitute a talaaq mughallazah (permanently irrevocable divorce). You cannot reconcile with your husband unless a valid halaalah takes place[2].

We advise your husband to be truthful to himself. Allaah Ta’aala is well-aware of what he had meant by his statement “I am giving you divorce ‘x’ eventually. This is an issue of halaal and haraam. No fatwaa can change a haraam to halaal.

And Allaah Ta’aala Knows Best.

Muajul I. Chowdhury

Student, Darul Iftaa

Astoria, New York, USA

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

_______


[1] تنقيح الفتاوى الحامدية (1/ 269)

صيغة المضارع لا يقع بها الطلاق إلا إذا غلب في الحال كما صرح به الكمال بن الهمام

 

البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق ومنحة الخالق وتكملة الطوري (3/ 271)

وليس منه أطلقك بصيغة المضارع إلا إذا غلب استعماله في الحال كما في فتح القدير.

 

النهر الفائق شرح كنز الدقائق (2/ 340)

فإن لم يكن له نية لا يقع في الحال

 

احسن الفتاوى (5/ 148)

[2] Halaalah is that after her ‘iddah, the now ex-wife marries another man and consummates the marriage with him. If the second husband passes away or divorces her, then after her ‘iddah, she may marry the first husband.

 

سورة البقرة (ءاية: 229، 230)

{ الطَّلَاقُ مَرَّتَانِ فَإِمْسَاكٌ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ تَسْرِيحٌ بِإِحْسَانٍ وَلَا يَحِلُّ لَكُمْ أَنْ تَأْخُذُوا مِمَّا آتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ شَيْئًا إِلَّا أَنْ يَخَافَا أَلَّا يُقِيمَا حُدُودَ اللَّهِ فَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَلَّا يُقِيمَا حُدُودَ اللَّهِ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَا فِيمَا افْتَدَتْ بِهِ تِلْكَ حُدُودُ اللَّهِ فَلَا تَعْتَدُوهَا وَمَنْ يَتَعَدَّ حُدُودَ اللَّهِ فَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ (229) فَإِنْ طَلَّقَهَا فَلَا تَحِلُّ لَهُ مِنْ بَعْدُ حَتَّى تَنْكِحَ زَوْجًا غَيْرَهُ فَإِنْ طَلَّقَهَا فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَا أَنْ يَتَرَاجَعَا إِنْ ظَنَّا أَنْ يُقِيمَا حُدُودَ اللَّهِ وَتِلْكَ حُدُودُ اللَّهِ يُبَيِّنُهَا لِقَوْمٍ يَعْلَمُونَ (230) }

 

الهداية )1/ 379 )

وإن كان الطلاق ثلاثا في الحرة أو ثنتين في الأمة لم تحل له حتى تنكح زوجا غيره نكاحا صحيحا ويدخل بها ثم يطلقها أو يموت عنها والأصل فيه قوله تعالى { فإن طلقها فلا تحل له من بعد حتى تنكح زوجا غيره }...والشرط الإيلاج دون الإنزال لأنه كمال ومبالغة فيه والكمال قيد زائد

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