Category: Prayer
Fatwa#: 24544
Asked Country: United Kingdom

Answered Date: Mar 07,2013

Title: What is the correct method for a Hanafi woman to perform her Salat?

Question

Assalam o alaikum, I follow Hanafi Mazhab and I want to know that is the way women pray their salah different from that of men? And will you please tell me the full way how women should pray their salah in the light of hadith and sunnah.

Answer

Answer:

 

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

 

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

Hadrath Anas Radiayallahu Anhu reports that Rasulullah Salallahu Alaihi wa Salam said:

The woman who observes her five daily Salat, fast during the month of Ramadan, preserves her chastity and obeys her husband, will enter Janah through whichever door she please.[1]

 

Salat is an important ibaadat and it will be the first obligation that a person will be questioned about on the Day of Qiyamah. The Salat of women are more conservative than the Salat of men. The Salat of women are meant to conceal the satar of women and to maintain modesty.

 

A woman’s postures in Salat are as follows:

 

QIYAAM (STANDING)

 

In the standing position a woman should raise her hands close to her shoulders[2] then lowering them recite Allahu Akbar and  place her hands on her chest with both palms facing towards the chest. The inner palm of the right should be placed on the back of the palm of the left hand. Unlike men she will not make a ring with her fingers.[3]

 

RUKU (KNEELING)

 

During ruku her back should be slightly bent to the extent that she is able to touch her knees.  Her fingers should be placed close together and placed on her knees, without grasping her knees. Her knees should be slightly bent. Her elbows should be placed close to her sides and the ankles of both her feet kept together.[4]

 

 

SAJDAH (PROSTRATION)

 

When she goes into Sajdah, her knees should touch the ground first, followed by the hands with the face between the palms. The nose should touch the ground first followed by the forehead. The forearms should be placed flat on the ground close to her body. The fingers should be flat and facing the Qibla. Both feet should be placed outwards towards the right hand side and her stomach touching her thighs, her arms attached to her sides and her forearm spread on the ground. Her elbows should be pressed against her sides. She should draw herself closely together.

 

When going into Tashahud position she should sit up straight with her feet remaining outwards, towards the right. Her palms with her fingers close together and pointing towards the Qibla should be placed on her knees.

 

Attached below are illustrations of the different postures of women in Salat.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

 

Saeed Ahmed Golaub

Jamaica

Student Darul Iftaa

 

Checked and Approved

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

daruliftaa.net 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The hands as seen here are raised to the

shoulders with both palms facing outwards.

The hands in this picture are exposed for clarification

purposes only and should not  otherwise be

exposed in Salat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Both hands are placed on the chest. The inner palm

of the right hand is placed on the back of the palm of the left hand.

Both feet are kept closely together.

 

 

 

 

The back slightly bent should be slightly bent

during Ruku (kneeling position).

 

In Ruku (kneeling position) the fingers should be

placed close together and placed on the knees.

Women should not grasp their knees.

The hands  are exposed for clarification

Purposes only and should not be exposed in Salat.

 

 

 

 

During Sajdah both feet should be placed

outwards towards the right side.

Her stomach should be pressed against her thighs.

Her forearm should be placed flat on the floor,

close to her body and her elbows pressed against her sides.

The hands  are exposed for clarification

Purposes only and should not be exposed in Salat.

 

 

Frontal view showing her head between

her palms while the forearms are placed flat on the floor.



[1]  :3254 -[17] (صَحِيحٌ) 

وَعَنْ أَنَسٍ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «الْمَرْأَةُ إِذَا صَلَّتْ خَمْسَهَا وَصَامَتْ شَهْرَهَا وَأَحْصَنَتْ فَرْجَهَا وَأَطَاعَتْ بَعْلَهَا فَلْتَدْخُلْ مِنْ أَيِّ [ص:972] أَبْوَابِ الْجَنَّةِ شَاءَتْ» . رَوَاهُ أَبُو نعيم فِي الْحِلْية مشكاة المصابيح (2 / 971) 

 

[2]  :" والمرأة ترفع يديها حذاء منكبيها " هو الصحيح لأنه أستر لها " الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (1 / 48) 

 

[3]  :(وَوَضَعَ) الرَّجُلُ (يَمِينَهُ عَلَى يَسَارِهِ تَحْتَ سُرَّتِهِ آخِذًا رُسْغَهَا بِخِنْصَرِهِ وَإِبْهَامِهِ) هُوَ الْمُخْتَارُ، وَتَضَعُ الْمَرْأَةُ وَالْخُنْثَى الْكَفَّ عَلَى الْكَفِّ تَحْتَ ثَدْيِهَا (كَمَا فَرَغَ مِنْ التَّكْبِيرِ) بِلَا إرْسَالٍ فِي الْأَصَحِّ (وَهُوَ سُنَّةُ قِيَامٍ) ظَاهِرُهُ أَنَّ الْقَاعِدَ لَا يَضَعُ وَلَمْ أَرَهُ الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (1 / 487) 

 

[4]:وَأَمَّا الْمَرْأَةُ فَتَنْحَنِي فِي الرُّكُوعِ يَسِيرًا وَلَا تُفَرِّجُ وَلَكِنْ تَضُمُّ وَتَضَعُ يَدَيْهَا عَلَى رُكْبَتَيْهَا وَضْعًا وَتَحْنِي رُكْبَتَيْهَا وَلَا تُجَافِي عَضُدَيْهَا لِأَنَّ ذَلِكَ أَسْتَرُ لَهَا. الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (1 / 494)

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