Category: Divorce (Talaaq)
Fatwa#: 24233
Asked Country: Germany

Answered Date: Dec 05,2018

Title: Kinaayah divorce query

Question

  1. As salamu aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh, I've gotten a question concerning divorce in islam. My husband and I are both of the hanafi madhab. We've had a big fight during which my husband said "I don't have anything to do with you anymore. You can do whatever you want, go away". He has said this quite often before in otherarguments, too, but he as told me later doesn't hold this to be a phrase for divorce... he doesn't intend divorce when saying so. Does this phrase count as one talaq? Later on he switched off the tv saying "This is my house and there's not gonna be tv now" I was like " This is also my house..." he said "Not anymore". Would this phrase count as talaq if he didn't intend talaq and just said it to provoke me?
  2. If it all counted as talaq and we were divorced, could I stay in the same house until my Iddah has passed or do I have to leave immediately? (
  3. In sha Allah you can give me an answer to this questions. Wa salam

Answer

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

In principle, words that result in divorce are of two types:  

1)      Sareeh- plain and clear words of divorce; this type constitutes divorce, irrespective of one’s intention.

2)      Kinaayah- ambiguous and allusive words which may imply divorce; this type constitutes divorce only if the husband intended divorce[1].

In the enquired situations, you state that your husband informed you that he does not intend divorce. Accordingly, divorce did not take place in the above situations. Therefore, your marriage with him is intact and you do not need to sit for ‘iddah.

 

And Allaah Ta’aala Knows Best.

Muajul I. Chowdhury

Student, Darul Iftaa

Astoria, New York, USA

 

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 

 


[1]  كنز الدقائق (2/ 355)

باب الكنايات لا تطلق بها إلا بنيته، أو دلالة الحال

 

الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (1/ 235)

" وأما الضرب الثاني وهو الكنايات لا يقع بها الطلاق إلا بالنية أو بدلالة الحال " لأنها غير موضوعة للطلاق بل تحتمله وغيره فلا بد من التعيين أو دلالته

 

الدر المختار (3/ 296)

باب الكنايات (كنايته) عند الفقهاء (ما لم يوضع له) أي الطلاق (واحتمله) وغيره (ف) الكنايات (لا تطلق بها) قضاء (إلا بنية أو دلالة الحال) وهي حالة مذاكرة الطلاق أو الغضب

 

الفتاوى الهندية (8/ 316)

( الفصل الخامس في الكنايات ) لا يقع بها الطلاق إلا بالنية أو بدلالة حال كذا في الجوهرة النيرة .ثم الكنايات ثلاثة أقسام ( ما يصلح جوابا لا غير ) أمرك بيدك ، اختاري ، اعتدي ( وما يصلح جوابا وردا لا غير ) اخرجي اذهبي اعزبي قومي تقنعي استتري تخمري ( وما يصلح جوابا وشتما ) خلية برية بتة بتلة بائن حرام والأحوال ثلاثة (حالة) الرضا ( وحالة ) مذاكرة الطلاق بأن تسأل هي طلاقها أو غيرها يسأل طلاقها ( وحالة ) الغضب ففي حالة الرضا لا يقع الطلاق في الألفاظ كلها إلا بالنية والقول قول الزوج في ترك النية مع اليمين وفي حالة مذاكرة الطلاق يقع الطلاق في سائر الأقسام قضاء إلا فيما يصلح جوابا وردا فإنه لا يجعل طلاقا كذا في الكافي

 

 

 

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