Fatwa: # 22585
Category: Quran
Country: India
Date: 4th April 2019

Title

What is the meaning of reciting quran in tarteel?

Question

Assalamu alaikum,

what is the meaning of reciting quran in tarteel?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Allah Ta’ala says in the Qur’an al-Majeed, [1]

وَرَتِّلِ الْقُرْآنَ تَرْتِيلًا (سورة المزمل: 4)

Translation: and recite the Qur’an clearly with tartil (in a distinct and well-measured tone). [73:4]

In the commentary of this verse, Ali Radhi Allahu Anhu says: “tartil means to know the tajweed of the letters and to recognize the places of pausing”.[2]

Mufti Shafee’ Rahimahullah writes: “The word tartil, according to Imam Raghib as explicated in al-Mufradat, originally means 'to put together and arrange well the component parts of a word and speech and make it distinct'. The purport of the verse is to say that the Qur'an must not be recited in haste, but in a leisurely manner, distinctly, deliberately and in well-measured tone. At the same time, it is necessary to reflect on its meaning and message. [Mazhari].

In short, tartil basically signifies that the letters and the words must be pronounced clearly and distinctly that will help understanding the Qur'an, and paying due care to its meaning.

The Holy Prophet's ﷺ recitation fulfilled the requirements of tartil. Some people inquired from Sayyidah 'Umm Salamah Radhi Allahu Anha about the Holy Prophet's ﷺ recitation of Qur'an in night-prayers. She emulated his recitation in which every single letter was clear and distinct. [Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Nasai’ - as quoted by Mazhari].

Tartil includes slow rhythmic recitation and beautification of the voice while reciting. Abu Hurairah Radhi Allahu Anhu narrates that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: "Allah does not listen to any recitation as much as he listens to the recitation of a Prophet who recites with a beautiful voice." [Mazhari] [3]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mirza Mahmood Baig 

Student Darul Iftaa

KSA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

______


[1]  أحكام التجويد (ص: 6)

أمر الله جل وعلا بترتيل القرآن الكريم وإعطاء كل حرف حقه فقال تعالى: ?وَرَتِّلِ الْقُرْآنَ تَرْتِيلاً? وكان من هدي النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في قراءة القرآن الكريم أن قراءته كانت ترتيلاً لا هذا ولا عجلة، بل قراءة مفسرة حرفاً حرفاً، وكان يقطع قراءته آية آية، وكان يمد عند حروف المد فيمد (الرحمن) ويمد (الرحيم) وكان يستعيذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم في أول قراءته .

وبالله التوفيق وصلى الله على نبينا محمد وآله وصحبه وسلم .


أحكام تجويد القرآن (ص: 2)

- مراتب القراءة الصحيحة:

-1  التحقيق: لغة: هو المبالغة في الإتيان بالشيء على حقيقته من غير زيادة فيه ولا نقص عنه، فهو بلوغ حقيقة الشيء والوقوف على كنهه، والوصول إلى نهاية شأنه.

واصطلاحا: إعطاء الحروف حقها من إشباع المد وتحقيق الهمز وإتمام الحركات وتوفية الغنات وتفكيك الحروف وهو بيانها، وإخراج بعضها من بعض بالسكت والتؤدة، والوقف على الوقوف الجائزة والإتيان بالإظهار والإدغام على وجهه.

-2  الحدر: لغة: مصدر من حَدَرَ يُحدر إذا أسرع، أو هو من الحدر الذي هو الهبوط، لأن الإسراع من لازمه.

واصطلاحا: إدراج القراءة وسرعتها مع مراعاة أحكام التجويد من إظهار وإدغام وقصر ومد، ومخارج وصفات.

-3 التدوير: فهو عبارة عن التوسط بين مرتبتي التحقيق والحدر

-4 الترتيل: لغة: مصدر من رتل فلان كلامه، إذا أتبع بعضه بعضا على مكث وتفهم من غير عجله.

واصطلاحا: هو قراءة القرآن بتمهل وتؤدة واطمئنان وإعطاء كل حرف حقه من المخارج والصفات والمدود.

 

[2] Tajweed for beginners

[3] (Ma’ariful Qur’an, English, Vol 8, Pgs 613-616).

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