Category: Zakat
Fatwa#: 21697
Asked Country: Togo

Answered Date: Jul 31,2012

Title: Regarding the proceeds, doesn’t the money have to be in your possession for a year before it is zakaatable

Question

Regarding the proceeds, doesn’t the money have to be in your possession for a year before it is zakaatable

Answer

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

In principle, Zakat becomes compulsory on a zakatable asset that is equal or more than the nisaab, once it has remained in one’s possession for over a lunar year. However, this is for a person who did not possess a nisaab prior to acquisition of this zakatable asset.

If one’s nett savings were equal to the value of nisaab at the beginning of the lunar year, and thereafter he acquired another zakatable asset, then the value of this newly acquired zakatable asset will be added on to his savings. He will not have to wait for a year to pass on this newly acquired asset in order for it to be considered for his zakat calculations. At the end of the current year, if he still possesses the nett savings equal to value of nisaab, then he will simply give out 2.5% of his nett savings as a zakat for this year, regardless of the fact that the acquired asset was in his possession for less than a year.[1]

 And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Faisal bin Abdul Hameed,
Montréal, Canada
     

Checked and Concurred by,
Maulana Ismail Desai 



[1]    ((والمستفاد) ولو بهبة أو إرث (وسط الحول يضم إلى نصاب من جنسه) فيزكيه بحول الأصل)... أدخل فيه المفاد بشراء أو ميراث أو وصية وما كان حاصلا من الأصل كالأولاد والربح كما في النهر (الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 288)) 

 

أن كمال النصاب شرط وجوب الزكاة فيعتبر وجوده في أول الحول وآخره لا غير؛ لأن أول الحول وقت انعقاد السبب وآخره وقت ثبوت الحكم فأما وسط الحول فليس بوقت انعقاد السبب ولا وقت ثبوت الحكم فلا معنى لاعتبار كمال النصاب فيه إلا أنه لا بد من بقاء شيء من النصاب الذي انعقد عليه الحول ليضم المستفاد إليه، فإذا هلك كله لم يتصور الضم فيستأنف له الحول بخلاف ما إذا جعل السائمة علوفة في خلال الحول؛ لأنه لما جعلها علوفة فقد أخرجها من أن تكون مال الزكاة فصار كما لو هلكت. (بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (2/ 16))

 

ويضم المستفاد وسط الحول في حكمه إلى نصاب من جنسه، أي : إذا كان له مائتا درهم حال عليها الحول، وقد حصل له في وسطه مائة درهم، تضم المائة إلى المائتين، وقوله في حكمه، أي: حكم المستفاد، وهو وجوب/41/ الزكاة، يعني يعتبر في المستفاد الحول الذي مر على الأصل، ويجوز أن يرجع ضمير (حكمه) إلى الحول ( إيضاح الإصلاح لابن كمال باشا (22/ 15))

 

 DARUL IFTAA BUILDING PROJECT

Assalāmu `alaikum Warahmatullāhi Wabrakatuh,

 

 

We make Du’aa you are well. The Darul Iftaa was established in the year 2011. The fundamental objective of the Darul Iftaa is to train Ulama from various parts of the world to become Muftis. In this world of scientific calculations and technological advancements, economic confusion and political disarray, a Mufti is trained to understand and analyze current situations and provide leadership for the Ummah. There is a vacuum  of competent Muftis in various parts of the world. The Ummah lacks leadership. There are currently twelve students who are studying at the Darul Iftaa. They are from United States of America, United Kingdom, Mozambique, Jamaica, Zambia, Canada and South Africa. There are many Ulama from many parts of the world who have applied to study the Iftaa course. They could not be accommodated due to lack of adequate facilities. The Darul Iftaa has therefore embarked on an expansion project.

The Darul Iftaa requests your generous contributions for the expansion project. The building project has already begun and is expected to be completed within the next three months. This is indeed a great opportunity for you to earn Sawab e Jariyah in the Aakhirah. This is a tree with many branches bearing sweet fruits for your Aakhirah. Insha’Allah. The Darul Iftaa banking details are as follows:

Bank:              FNB Bank
Account#:     62347912778
Branch:           221126
 

(The Darul Iftaa is registered and has the following PBO exemption number: 930039227 – 3 May 2012)

JazakAllah.

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

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