Category: Tarawih
Fatwa#: 21696
Asked Country: Austria

Answered Date: Jul 31,2012

Title: I would like to ask 2 questions: 1) Can the qur'aan be physically held to recite suraahs in Taraweeh? 2) Can a female perform I'tiqaaf?

Question

I would like to ask 2 questions:

1) Can the qur'aan be physically held to recite suraahs in Taraweeh?

2) Can a female perform I'tiqaaf?

Jazak'Allaah khayran

Wa'ssallaam

Answer

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

1. In principle, it is not permissible for one who has not memorized the Qur’an to look into the Qur’an and recite any portion of the Qur’an in Salaah.

If one who has not memorized the Qur’an looks into the Qur’an and recites any portion of the Qur’an in Salaah, the Salaah is invalid.[1]

If the Qur’an is physically held during Salaah, that will constitute Amal e Katheer which renders one’s Salaah invalid.[2]

2. It is permissible for a woman to perform I’tikaf provided that it is performed within the confines of her home. The Fuqaha (Jurists) have mentioned that a woman should perform I’tikaaf in the Masjid of her home, which refers to a place which has been designated for Salaah within the home.[3]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Moulana Ismail Desai,
Student Darul Iftaa
Durban, South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 



[1]    و اذا قرأ المصلي من المصحف، فسدت صلوته و هذا قول أبي حنيفة رحمه الله تعالي، و لأبي حنيفة رحمه الله تعالي عنه وجهان : أحدهما : أن حمل المصحف، و تقليب الأوراق و النظر فيه و التفكر ليفهم ما فيه فيقرأ عمل كثير و العمل الكثير مفسد لما تبين بعد هذا و علي هذا الطريق يفترق الحال بينما اذا كان المصحف في يديه أو كان بين يديه أو يقرأ من المحراب.

الوجه الثاني: أنه تلقن من المصحف، و كأنه تلقن من معلم آخر، و ذلك يفسد الصلوة فهذا كذالك ( المحيط البرهاني، ج 2، ص 157، ادارة القرآن)

و قراءة ما لا يحفظه من مصحف و ان لم يحمله للتلقي من غيره (مراقي الفلاح مع الطحطاوي، ج 1، ص 454، دار التباع)

القراءة فيها من مصحف مفسدة ( مجمع البحرين، ص 136، العلمية)

 

 

   2و اذا قرأ المصلي من المصحف، فسدت صلوته و هذا قول أبي حنيفة رحمه الله تعالي، و لأبي حنيفة رحمه الله تعالي عنه وجهان : أحدهما : أن حمل المصحف، و تقليب الأوراق و النظر فيه و التفكر ليفهم ما فيه فيقرأ عمل كثير و العمل الكثير مفسد لما تبين بعد هذا و علي هذا الطريق يفترق الحال بينما اذا كان المصحف في يديه أو كان بين يديه أو يقرأ من المحراب.

الوجه الثاني: أنه تلقن من المصحف، و كأنه تلقن من معلم آخر، و ذلك يفسد الصلوة فهذا كذالك ( المحيط البرهاني، ج 2، ص 157، ادارة القرآن)

 

  و للمرأة الاعتكاف في مسجد بيتها و هو محل عينته للصلوة ( نور الايضاح، ص 205، علمي ببليشرز)[3]  

 

 

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Assalāmu `alaikum Warahmatullāhi Wabrakatuh,

 

 

We make Du’aa you are well. The Darul Iftaa was established in the year 2011. The fundamental objective of the Darul Iftaa is to train Ulama from various parts of the world to become Muftis. In this world of scientific calculations and technological advancements, economic confusion and political disarray, a Mufti is trained to understand and analyze current situations and provide leadership for the Ummah. There is a vacuum  of competent Muftis in various parts of the world. The Ummah lacks leadership. There are currently twelve students who are studying at the Darul Iftaa. They are from United States of America, United Kingdom, Mozambique, Jamaica, Zambia, Canada and South Africa. There are many Ulama from many parts of the world who have applied to study the Iftaa course. They could not be accommodated due to lack of adequate facilities. The Darul Iftaa has therefore embarked on an expansion project.

The Darul Iftaa requests your generous contributions for the expansion project. The building project has already begun and is expected to be completed within the next three months. This is indeed a great opportunity for you to earn Sawab e Jariyah in the Aakhirah. This is a tree with many branches bearing sweet fruits for your Aakhirah. Insha’Allah. The Darul Iftaa banking details are as follows:

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JazakAllah.

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

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