Category: History
Fatwa#: 21054
Asked Country: South Africa

Answered Date: May 29,2012

Title: What is the status of Mariyah Qibtiyyah?

Question

Can you please let me know the status of Mariyah Qibtiya in relation to Nabi (saw)?

Was she a wife and was she married to Nabi (SAW)?

If not married, then how is this substantiated in the Shariah.?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Answer:

Mariyah al- Qibitiyah Bint Sham’oon was the slave girl of Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam). Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Alayhi Wa Sallam) had made Mariyah al- Qibtiyyah his Sariyyah (slave girl).

Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) did not marry Mariyah al- Qibtiyyah.[1]

          It is not permissible for one to marry one’s slave girl without relinquishing the bondage of slavery from one’s slave girl according to the maxims and cardinal principles of Shariah.[2]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Ismail Desai,
Student Darul Iftaa
Durban, South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 



[1]  و اما سرارية فقيل انهن اربعة:

مارية القبطية بنت شمعون ( المواهب اللدنية، ج 1، ص 512، التوفيقية)

و توفي عن سريتين:

مارية بنت شمعون القبطية المصرية ( السيرة النبوية، ص 546، ابن كثير)

فتاوي محموديه، ج 6، ص392- 395، محموديه

[2]   فتاوي محموديه، ج 6، 394، محموديه

ولا يصح تزوج امته و سيدته( مجمع الأنهر، ص 486،ج 1، العلمية، بيروت)

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