Fatwa: # 20520
Category: Inheritance (Irth)
Country:
Date: 24th January 2019

Title

Deceased father purchased a house with haq mahr amount for wife

Question

Father purchase a house with the  haq mehar amount for my mother. The house is under my mother's name. My father is died now. Mother has 1 Son and 3 Daughters. Son is fully taking care in day to day expenses of the mother. With mother's own wish she wants to transfer this house to the Son Only. IS she allowed to do so in Islam ?  If not then what is the rule please tell us.


 

Answer

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

The first line of the query is not clear. Hereunder, we outline two possibilities:

If your father purchased the house with the mahr money of your mother, then the house belongs to your mother. She may gift the house to the son. However, it is advisable for one to maintain equality with his/her children to the best of his/her ability[1]. Inequality leads to ill-feelings and hatred. If one wishes to give preference to some children or grandchildren due to circumstances as in the case of the query, one may do so.

If the house does not belong to your mother, rather it was your father’s property but under your mother’s name on paper, then the house must be divided according to the Shari’ah laws of inheritance and succession.

 

And Allaah Ta’aala Knows Best.

Muajul I. Chowdhury

Student, Darul Iftaa

Astoria, New York, USA

 

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 


[1]  حاشية ابن عابدين (6/ 127)

 (وأما) كيفية العدل بينهم فقد قال أبو يوسف العدل في ذلك أن يسوي بينهم في العطية ولا يفضل الذكر على الأنثى وقال محمد العدل بينهم أن يعطيهم على سبيل الترتيب في المواريث للذكر مثل حظ الأنثيين كذا ذكر القاضي الاختلاف بينهما في شرح مختصر الطحاوي وذكر محمد في الموطإ ينبغي للرجل أن يسوي بين ولده في النحل ولا يفضل بعضهم على بعض. وظاهر هذا يقتضي أن يكون قوله مع قول أبي يوسف وهو الصحيح لما روي أن بشيرا أبا النعمان أتى بالنعمان إلى رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - فقال إني نحلت ابني هذا غلاما كان لي فقال له رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - كل ولدك نحلته مثل هذا فقال لا فقال النبي - عليه الصلاة والسلام - فأرجعه وهذا إشارة إلى العدل بين الأولاد في النحلة وهو التسوية بينهم ولأن في التسوية تأليف القلوب والتفضيل يورث الوحشة بينهم فكانت التسوية 

 

 

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