Fatwa: # 19907
Category: Food
Country: South Africa
Date: 27th March 2012


Is crab halal?


I would like to know that is crab halal or haram?


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

According to Hanafi Madhab, all water borne creatures besides fish are impermissible to consume. This includes creatures like crab, tortoise and frog. [1]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mawlana Faisal bin Abdul Hameed
Student, Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

[1]  (قال: ولا يؤكل من حيوان الماء إلا السمك) ش: أي قال القدوري - رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ - في " مختصره ": وقال الكرخي - رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ -: كره أصحابنا كل ما في البحر إلا السمك خاصة فإنه حلال أكله إلا ما طفى منه فإنهم كرهوه. وقال شيخ الإسلام خواهر زاده: ويكره أكل ما سوى السمك من دواب البحر عندنا كالسرطان، والسلحفاة، والضفدع وخنزير الماء ( البناية شرح الهداية ج 11، ص 604 ، دار الكتب العلمية)

(ويكره) أي لا يحل (أكل الضبع) لأن له ناباً (والضب) دابة تشبه الجرذون لورود النهي عنه، ولأنه من الحشرات (والحشرات) وهي صغار دواب الأرض (كلها) : أي المائي والبري كالضفدع والسلحفاة والسرطان والفأر والوزغ والحيات لأنها من الخبائث (اللباب في شرح الكتاب ، ج3 ، ص 230، المكتبة العلمية)

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