Fatwa: # 19735
Category: Food
Country: Australia
Date: 27th January 2012


Are Muslims allowed to eat seafood?


Are Muslims allowed to eat seafood?


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu `alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

According to Imam Abu  Hanifah (Rahmatullahi Ta’Ala), only live fish from the creatures of the sea can be consumed. Anything else besides live fish from the sea is not permissible. [i] 

It is not permissible to eat a fish if it is dead and floating in the sea.[ii]   

According to Imam Malik (Rahmatullahi Ta’Ala) it is permissible to eat everything from the  except the pig, dog and human.[iii]  

According to Imam Shafi (Rahmatullahi Ta’Ala) it is permissible to eat everything from the sea, except the dog and donkey.[iv]

According to Imam Ahmad Bin Hambal (Rahmatullahi Ta’Ala), it permissible to eat the lobster and the turtle from the sea, but it is not permissible to eat the frogs, snakes and crocodiles. [v]

And Allah knows best. 

Mawlana Saeed Ahmed Golaub
Westmoreland, Jamaica, West Indies
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved
Mufti Ebrahim Desai




[i]   البناية –فى شرح الهدية المكتبة  الحقانية -قال: "ولا يؤكل من حيوان الماء إلا السمك"  vol.14, p.329

[ii]  أ - بِحَدِيثِ أَبِي دَاوُدَ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَال: قَال رَسُول اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: مَا أَلْقَى الْبَحْرُ أَوْ جَزَرَ عَنْهُ فَكُلُوهُ، وَمَا مَاتَ فِيهِ فَطَفَا فَلاَ تَأْكُلُوهُ الموسوءة الفقهية الكويتية – و زارة الأوقاف والشنون الإسلامية   vol. 5. P. 128

[iii]   البناية –فى شرح الهدية المكتبة  الحقانية - وقال مالك وجماعة من أهل العلم بإطلاق جميع ما في البحر. واستثنى بعضهم الخنزير والكلب والإنسان    vol.14, p.329-330

[iv]   وَقِيلَ إنْ أُكِلَ مِثْلُهُ فِي الْبَرِّ حَلَّ، وَإِلَّا فَلَا: كَكَلْبٍ وَحِمَارٍ

 مغينى المحتاج دارو الحديث    Vol.6. P.160

[v]   وَذَهَبَ الْحَنَابِلَةُ فِي الْحَيَوَانِ الْبَرْمَائِيِّ، كَكَلْبِ الْمَاءِ وَالسُّلَحْفَاةِ وَالسَّرَطَانِ إِلَى أَنَّهُ إِنَّمَا يَحِل بِالتَّذْكِيَةِ.

وَزَادُوا بِالإِْضَافَةِ لِلضُّفْدَعِ اسْتِثْنَاءَ الْحَيَّةِ وَالتِّمْسَاحِ، فَقَالُوا بِحُرْمَةِ الثَّلاَثَةِ: فَالضُّفْدَعُ لِلنَّهْيِ عَنْ قَتْلِهَا، وَالْحَيَّةُ لاِسْتِخْبَاثِهَا، وَالتِّمْسَاحُ لأَِنَّ لَهُ نَابًا يَفْتَرِسُ بِهِ الموسوءة الفقهية الكويتية – و زارة الأوقاف والشنون الإسلامية    vol. 5. P. 131

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