Category: Food
Fatwa#: 19644
Asked Country: New Zealand

Answered Date: Dec 20,2011

Title: Is it permissible to do Qurbanī on behalf of the deceased?

Question

Assalam Wa alaikum

My first question is about qurbani. You know how people buy shares from the animal to do qurbani. Can we buy shares for deceased. If someone has passed away in the family and can we do qurbani for them?

Second - the vanilla essence and other similar product has alcohol in it as one of the ingredients. Can we use this (just one or two teaspoons) for doing any baking or cooking? Again the usage of this particular product will be very little in cooking.

Answers will be highly appreciated. May Allah put us in the right path of Islam. Ameen

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

 

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

It is permissible to do Qurbānī on behalf of the deceased.  If the intention is merely to pass on the rewards of Qurbānī to the mayit (deceased), then one may simply perform his own Wājib Qurbānī and intend the reward for the deceased.  [1] However if an individual intends to actually perform Qurbāni for the deceased, then he will have to perform his own Wājib Qurbānī separately and a separate Nafl Qurbānī for the deceased.  It is related about Alī Radiallāhu Anhu that he used to perform Qurbānī on behalf of Nabī Sallallāhu Alaihi Wa Sallam after his demise. [2]

 

Furthermore, it is also permissible to include a share for the deceased in a cow or camel (cows and camels fulfill seven shares) along with individuals performing Wājib Qurbānī. [3]

 

With regards to the vanilla essence, if it contains alcohol derived from grapes and dates, it is totally impermissible as alcohol derived from grapes and dates is not permissible for consumption.  Hence any product containing even a drop of such alcohol is prohibited.  However if alcohol derived from sources other than grapes and dates is added in foods, drinks, or any other products such as vanilla essence, its utilization and/or consumption is permitted with the following conditions:

 

1.      It must not be used as an intoxicant

2.      It must not be consumed to the extent of intoxication

3.      It must not be utilized in vain

4.      It must not be used as intoxicants are used (i.e. for alcoholic consumption, even a little) [4] [5] [6]

 

 

 

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mawlana Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman,
Student Darul Iftaa
US

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Husain Kadodia.
www.daruliftaa.net



[1]  فتاوي محمودية, ج 17, ص 330: دار الافتاء جامعة فاروقية

 

[2]  حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ المُحَارِبِيُّ الكُوفِيُّ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنَا شَرِيكٌ، عَنْ أَبِي الحَسْنَاءِ، عَنْ الحَكَمِ، عَنْ حَنَشٍ، عَنْ عَلِيٍّ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ يُضَحِّي بِكَبْشَيْنِ أَحَدُهُمَا عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، وَالآخَرُ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ، فَقِيلَ لَهُ: فَقَالَ: «أَمَرَنِي بِهِ» - يَعْنِي النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ - فَلَا أَدَعُهُ أَبَدًا: هَذَا حَدِيثٌ غَرِيبٌ، لَا نَعْرِفُهُ إِلَّا مِنْ حَدِيثِ شَرِيكٍ وَقَدْ رَخَّصَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ العِلْمِ أَنْ يُضَحَّى عَنِ المَيِّتِ وَلَمْ يَرَ بَعْضُهُمْ أَنْ [ص:85] يُضَحَّى عَنْهُ وقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ المُبَارَكِ: «أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ أَنْ يُتَصَدَّقَ عَنْهُ، وَلَا يُضَحَّى عَنْهُ، وَإِنْ ضَحَّى، فَلَا يَأْكُلُ مِنْهَا شَيْئًا، وَيَتَصَدَّقُ بِهَا كُلِّهَا» قَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ: قَالَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ المَدِينِيِّ: وَقَدْ رَوَاهُ غَيْرُ شَرِيكٍ، قُلْتُ لَهُ: أَبُو الحَسْنَاءِ مَا اسْمُهُ فَلَمْ يَعْرِفْهُ قَالَ: مُسْلِمٌ اسْمُهُ الحَسَنُ (سنن الترمذي, رقم الحديث 1495: شركة مكتبة ومطبعة مصطفى البابي الحلبي - مصر

 

[3]  وَإِنْ كَانَ أَحَدُ الشُّرَكَاءِ مِمَّنْ يُضَحِّي عَنْ مَيِّتٍ جَازَ.

وَرُوِيَ عَنْ أَبِي يُوسُفَ - رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ - أَنَّهُ لَا يَجُوزُ، وَذَكَرَ فِي الْأَصْلِ إذَا اشْتَرَكَ سَبْعَةٌ فِي بَدَنَةٍ فَمَاتَ أَحَدُهُمْ قَبْلَ الذَّبْحِ فَرَضِيَ وَرَثَتُهُ أَنْ يُذْبَحَ عَنْ الْمَيِّتِ جَازَ اسْتِحْسَانًا وَالْقِيَاسُ أَنْ لَا يَجُوزَ.

(وَجْهُ) الْقِيَاسِ أَنَّهُ لَمَّا مَاتَ أَحَدُهُمْ فَقَدْ سَقَطَ عَنْهُ الذَّبْحُ، وَذَبْحُ الْوَارِثِ لَا يَقَعُ عَنْهُ؛ إذْ الْأُضْحِيَّةُ عَنْ الْمَيِّتِ لَا تَجُوزُ فَصَارَ نَصِيبُهُ اللَّحْمَ، وَأَنَّهُ يُمْنَعُ مِنْ جَوَازِ ذَبْحِ الْبَاقِينَ مِنْ الْأُضْحِيَّةَ كَمَا لَوْ أَرَادَ أَحَدُهُمْ اللَّحْمَ فِي حَالِ حَيَاتِهِ.

(وَجْهُ) الِاسْتِحْسَانِ أَنَّ الْمَوْتَ لَا يَمْنَعُ التَّقَرُّبَ عَنْ الْمَيِّتِ بِدَلِيلِ أَنَّهُ يَجُوزُ أَنْ يُتَصَدَّقَ عَنْهُ وَيُحَجُّ عَنْهُ، وَقَدْ صَحَّ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ - صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ - ضَحَّى بِكَبْشَيْنِ أَحَدُهُمَا عَنْ نَفْسِهِ وَالْآخَرُ عَمَّنْ لَا يَذْبَحُ مِنْ أُمَّتِهِ - وَإِنْ كَانَ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ قَدْ مَاتَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَذْبَحَ - فَدَلَّ أَنَّ الْمَيِّتَ يَجُوزُ أَنْ يُتَقَرَّبَ عَنْهُ فَإِذَا ذُبِحَ عَنْهُ صَارَ نَصِيبُهُ لِلْقُرْبَةِ فَلَا يَمْنَعُ جَوَازَ ذَبْحِ الْبَاقِينَ. (بدائع الصنائع, ج 4, ص 209-210: المكتبة الرشيدية)

 

[4]  احسن الفتاوي, ج 8, ص 484-489: سعيد

 

[5]  (قال - رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ -: ونبيذ العسل والتين ونبيذ الحنطة والذرة والشعير حلال وإن لم يطبخ) ش: أي قال القدوري في " مختصره " م: (وهذا) ش: أي قوله حلال م: (عند أبي حنيفة وأبي يوسف -رحمهما الله - إذا كان من غير لهو وطرب) ش: قيد بهذا القيد لأنه إذا شرب لأجل اللهو، والطرب يحرم بالاتفاق (البناية, ج 15, ص 115:المكتبة الحقانية)

 

[6]  وَأَمَّا الْأَشْرِبَةُ الْمُتَّخَذَةُ مِنْ الشَّعِيرِ أَوْ الذُّرَةِ أَوْ التُّفَّاحِ أَوْ الْعَسَلِ إذَا اشْتَدَّ، وَهُوَ مَطْبُوخٌ أَوْ غَيْرُ مَطْبُوخٍ فَإِنَّهُ يَجُوزُ شُرْبُهُ مَا دُونَ السَّكَرِ عِنْدَ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ وَأَبِي يُوسُفَ - رَحِمَهُمَا اللَّهُ تَعَالَى

(الفتاوي الهندية, ج5, ص414:مكتبة رشيدية)

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