Category: Hajj
Fatwa#: 19637
Asked Country: South Africa

Answered Date: Dec 12,2011

Title: Can I take my wife's neice for umrah and be her wali?

Question

I have a niece who is my brother in-law’s daughter who is twelve years old and has been living with me for eleven years. I am sixty one years old and intend to go for Umrah. Can I take her along and be her Wali. What has the Shariah to say on this.

welve years old and has been living with me for eleven years. I am sixty one years old and intend to go for Umrah. Can I take her along and be her Wali. What has the Shariah to say on this.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

 

As-salāmu `alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

Our understanding of the relationship enquired about in your query as “niece” is: the wife’s brother’s daughter.

 

In actual fact, the girl in reference is your wife’s niece. You are not her Mahram.

 

It will not be permissible for her to accompany you nor are you her Wali (legal Shar’ee guardian).[1]

 

Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam explicitly prohibited women from travelling beyond the Shar’ee Safar distance without a Mahram or husband.[2]

 

And Allah knows best.

 

Ismail Desai,

Durban, South Africa

Student Darul Iftaa

 

Checked and Approved

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

daruliftaa.net

 

 

 

 



1و من جملة ذلك المصاهرة قال محمد في الاصل اذا وطئ الرجل امراته بنكاح او ملك او فجور حرم عليه امها و ابنتها.المحيط البرهاني.86/4.ادارة القران.

المصاهرة يحرم بها فروع نساءه الدخول بهن و ان نزلت امهات الزوجات و جداتهن بعقد صحيح و ان علون.فتح القدير.117/3.الحقانية.

و تحرم عليه ام زوجته بمجرد العقد الصحيح عليها و ان لم يدخل بها و زوجة فرعها و ان سفل و اصله و ان علا.الاحكام الشرعية في الاحوال الشخصية.87/1.دار السلام.

الخلوة بالاجنبية حرام.الدر المختار.الحظر و الاباحة.368/6.

فتاوي محمودية.94/28.محمودية.

المحرم من لا يجوز له مناكحتها علي التابيد بقرابة او رضاع او مصاهرة.البحر الراءق.551/2.عالمكيرية112/1.

شامي.157/2.

و محرم او زوج لامراة في سفر.248-249/1.كنز الدقاءق.

 

[2] الصحيح لمسلم.1338.الجامع لالترمذي.1169

414 - (1338) وحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي فُدَيْكٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا الضَّحَّاكُ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، قَالَ: «لَا يَحِلُّ لِامْرَأَةٍ، تُؤْمِنُ بِاللهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ، تُسَافِرُ مَسِيرَةَ ثَلَاثِ لَيَالٍ، إِلَّا وَمَعَهَا ذُو مَحْرَمٍ»

[صحيح مسلم 2/ 975]

 

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