Category: Beliefs
Fatwa#: 19613
Asked Country: United Kingdom

Answered Date: Nov 21,2011

Title: Is it permissible to do acts of Isaale Sawab for a living person?

Question

1.      Is it permissible to do acts of Isaale Sawab for a living person? (For example a person who is suffering from a terminal illness)

2.      If a woman is in a place where other women are reading salah in a congregation led by a woman, is it permissible for her under any circumstance to join the congregation?

Answer

 

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

1.       It is permissible to do acts of good deeds and gift the rewards to another person, dead or alive.[1] [2]

2.       It is prohibitively disliked for women to lead and pray a jamāah (congregation) of their own, and it will also be prohibitively disliked for any other woman to join such a jamāah. [3]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai



[1] مَنْ صَامَ أَوْ صَلَّى أَوْ تَصَدَّقَ وَجَعَلَ ثَوَابَهُ لِغَيْرِهِ مِنْ الْأَمْوَاتِ أَوْ الْأَحْيَاءِ جَازَ وَيَصِلُ ثَوَابُهَا إلَيْهِمْ عِنْدَ أَهْلِ السُّنَّةِ وَالْجَمَاعَةِ

بدائع الصنائع, ج.٢, ص.٢١٢, دار الكتب العلمية

 

[2]  صرح علماؤنا في باب الحج عن الغير بأن للإنسان أن يجعل ثواب عمله لغيره صلاة أو صوما أو صدقة أو غيرها كذا في الهداية...

رد المحتار, ص.١٥١, ج.٣, دار عالم الكتب

 

 [3]  قَالَ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ (وَجَمَاعَةُ النِّسَاءِ) أَيْ كُرِهَ جَمَاعَةُ النِّسَاءِ وَحْدَهُنَّ لِقَوْلِهِ ء عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ : صَلَاةُ الْمَرْأَةِ فِي بَيْتِهَا أَفْضَلُ مِنْ صَلَاتِهَا فِي حُجْرَتِهَا وَصَلَاتُهَا فِي مَخْدَعِهَا أَفْضَلُ مِنْ صَلَاتِهَا فِي بَيْتِهَا...

 )تبيين الحقائق وحاشية الشلبي, ج.١, ص.١٣٥, المطبعة الكبرى الأميرية(

 

(قَوْلُهُ وَجَمَاعَةُ النِّسَاءِ) أَيْ وَكُرِهَ جَمَاعَةُ النِّسَاءِ؛ لِأَنَّهَا لَا تَخْلُو عَنْ ارْتِكَابِ مُحَرَّمٍ وَهُوَ قِيَامُ الْإِمَامِ وَسَطَ الصَّفِّ فَيُكْرَهُ كَالْعُرَاةِ كَذَا فِي الْهِدَايَةِ وَهُوَ يَدُلُّ عَلَى أَنَّهَا كَرَاهَةُ تَحْرِيمٍ...

)البحر الرائق, ج.١, ص.٦١٤, دار الكتب العلميةالبحر الرائق, ج.١, ص.٦١٤, دار الكتب العلمية(

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