Category: Daily
Fatwa#: 19539
Asked Country: South Africa

Answered Date: Nov 02,2011

Title: 1. Is it permissible to read the 2 rakaat sunnat after fardh namaaz? 2. Can one read fajr kazaa right until zohar salaat

Question

I have a question regarding the rules of Fajr salaat i.e

1. Is it permissible to read the 2 rakaat sunnat after fardh namaaz if one is going to miss the fardh salaat;
2. If one is going to miss the first rakaat or more of the fardh salaat, does one still read the 2 rakaats sunnat or does one join the jamaat (and read later based on answer in 1 above);
3. Can one read fajr kazaa right until zohar salaat or can it only be read after maghrib

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

If one assumes that he may miss the second rakaat or tashahhud of the second rakaat of the Fajr fardh salaah and he has not completed the sajdah of the second rakaat of the sunnah salaah[1], he should break his sunnah salaah and join the jamaat (congregation) of the Fajr fardh salaah.However, it will be waajib (imperative) to repeat the sunnah salaah that was abandoned to join the fardh salaah.[2]

It is advisable to perform the sunnah salaah while the jamaat has already commenced outside the demarcated masjid area as it is makrooh (abominable) to pray the two rakaat of sunnah in the demarcated masjid area. You may perform the Sunnah salaah in the sehn (courtyard area) or some other place of the masjid.[3]

If the Fajr fardh salaah was missed together with the sunnah salaah, then both the sunnah and the Fajr qadha should be performed after sunrise until the pre-zawaal time .After the zawaal time, the performance of only the fardh salaah remains obligatory and not the sunnah salaah.[4]

If only the fardh salaah was missed and not the sunnah salaah, then the qadha of the fardh salaah can be performed at any time provided it is not in the non-permissible times(makrooh) which are : zawaal(zenithal time), sunrise and sunset.

It will be makrooh tanzeehi(undesirable) to perform the two rakaats sunnah of the fajr salaah after the performance of the fajr fardh salaah until sunrise.[5]One should perform the missed sunnah salaah after sunrise until the pre-zawaal time.[6]

In future, prepare well in advance for the Fajr fardh salaah in order to avoid such circumstances. Rasullullah (s.a.w) has greatly emphasized the performance of the two rakaat sunnah of the Fajr salaah.[7]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Ismail Bin Ebrahim Desai
Durban, South Africa
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net


و من خاف فوت الفجر ان اديسنته ايتم و تركها و الا لا. كنز الدقاءق.73/2 (1

و ان كان في صلاة الفجر و قد صلي ركعة منها ثم اقيمت الفرض في ذلك المسجد قطعها احرازا لفضيلةالجماعة.محيط البرهاني.(244/2

احرز احقهما و هو الجماعة.  رد المحتار.56/2

در المختار.56/2

ان امن فوته و و بادراكه في التشهد. مراقي الفلاح.270

 

بل يصليها عند باب المسجد ان وجد مكانا و الا تركها.در المختار.56/2(2

و يكره التطوع في المسجد و الناس في المكتوبة.خلاصة الفتاوي.159/1.رشيدية

فتاوي محموديه.257/11

 

و لم تقض سنة الفجر الا بفوتها مع الفرض الي الزوال لا بعد الزوال اتفاقا.مراقي الفلاح.271(3

فتاوي محموديه.260/11

فيقضيها تبعا لقضاءه لو قبل الزوال.رد المحتار.57/11

واما اذا فاتت وحدها فلا تقضي قبل طلوع الشمس بالاجماع لكراهية النفل بعد الصبح(4

(مراقي الفلاح علي هامش الطحطاوي.368)

فتاوي محمودية. 259/11

تقضي اذا فاتت بلا فرض بعد الطلوع  الي الزوال استحسانا

(مجمع الانهر.211/1)

 

وقال محمد احب الي ان يقضيها الي الزوال كما في الدرر.قيل هذا قريب من الاتفاق. رد المحتار.57/2.كراشي.282/1.نعمانية(5

 (فتاوي محموديه . 260/11.مكتبة محموديه)

 

و يقضيها بعد ما طلعت الشمس عند محمد.محيط البرهاني. 10/2

يكره فيهما التطوع و هما بعد طلوع الفجر الي طلوعالشمس. محيط البرهاني.10/2

 

لانه لو قيدها بالسجدة لا يمكنه القطع بعدذلك. محيط البرهاني.244/2 (6

 

[7] Mishkaatul-Masaabeeh,pg.104, vol.1.Abu Dawood, pg.179, vol.1.

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