Fatwa: # 19116
Category: Daily
Country: Qatar
Date: 27th December 2010

Title

What does the Imam say to the congregation right before he begins the Salah?

Question

I would like to know what the Imam says in arabic to people when he is about to begin the Salah.

How is the phrase said in arabic (Istawooo...Aqeemoo) and is it compulsory to say it before you begin the congregational Salah?

Answer

In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.


There is a lot of emphasis placed on the straightening of the rows.[i] Those praying behind the Imam should be diligent in keeping the rows aligned throughout the Salah.

The term استووا means to “straighten and align [the rows].” The term أقيموا الصفوف means to “establish the rows” and to balance and make them equivalent.[ii]

Straightening the rows is achieved by aligning the heels and the ankles. [iii] [iv]

Closing the gaps is done by joining shoulder with shoulder.[v]

It is mustahabb (desirable) for the Imam to remind the congregation to straighten the rows as Rasulullah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) used to do so. [vi]


And Allāh knows best.

Ml. Sohail Bengali
Chicago, IL (USA)

Concurred by:

Muftī Abrar Mirza
Chicago, IL (USA)

Under the Supervision of Muftī Ebrahim Desai (South Africa)

 

فتاوى محمودية، كتاب الصلاة: ٢/ ١٧٠ كتب خانة مظهري [i]

 

قوله ( استووا ) أي في الصف...قوله ( أقيموا الصفوف ) أي عدلوهها [ii]

حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح، كتاب الصلاة: ١/ ٣٠٦ دار الكتب العلمية

 

فتاوى محمودية، كتاب الصلاة: ٧/ ٩٦ كتب خانة مظهري [iii]

 

فتاوى محمودية، كتاب الصلاة: ٧/ ١٤٢ كتب خانة مظهري [iv]

 

وإذا قاموا في الصفوف تراصوا وسووا بين مناكبهم لقوله صلى الله عليه وسلم [v]

( تراصوا وألصقوا المناكب بالمناكب )

بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع كتاب الصلاة، فصل بيان مقام الإمام والمأموم: ١/ ٦٧٩

 دار الكتب العلمية

 

وإذا قاموا في الصفوف تراصوا وسووا بين مناكبهم لقوله صلى الله عليه وسلم [v]

( تراصوا وألصقوا المناكب بالمناكب )

بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع كتاب الصلاة، فصل بيان مقام الإمام والمأموم: ١/ ٦٧٩

 دار الكتب العلمية

 

 وينبغي للقوم إذا قاموا إلى الصلاة أن يتراصوا ويسدوا الخلل ويسووا بين مناكبهم في [vi]

 الصفوف ولا بأس أن يأمرهم الإمام بذلك

البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق، كتاب الصلاة، باب الإمامة :١ /٦١٨ دار الكتب العلمية

 

 

________________________________________________________________________

DISCLAIMER – AskImam.org questions

AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Sharī’ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes.  However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment.  Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.

·         The Shar’ī ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.

·         AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.

·         This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.

·         Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited.  Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.

 

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.
The Messenger of Allah said, "When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of Deen."
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]