Fatwa: # 19113
Category: Daily
Country: India
Date: 23rd December 2010

Title

I have pain in my neck due to which I can't perform sajdah. What is the proper way of performing sajdah in such a case?

Question

I have pain in my neck due to which I can't perform sajdah. What is the proper way of performing sajdah in such a case? Doctors could not help me. I have been just bending a bit and performing incomplete sujood for the last 1 year i.e I am unable to lower my forehead to the ground. Were all those prayers thus valid?

Answer

In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.


Since it is difficult for you to perform sajdah, it is better that you offer your salaat sitting down, although performing salaat standing up will also be permissible. You will perform the ruku’ and sajdah simply by lowering your head. This is called performing ruku’ and sajdah with gesture (ishaara).

However, remember that for the salaat to be valid, it is necessary that the gesture of the sajdah is lower than the gesture of the ruku’. If the gesture of the sajdah is only slightly lower than the gesture of the ruku’, even then the salaat will be valid. It is not necessary to lower ones forehead close to the ground or to bow down as much as one can manage.

On the other hand, if one performs the gestures of both the sajdah and the ruku’ at the same level or if his gesture of the sajdah is higher than his gesture of the ruku’, his salaat will not be valid.

Hence, as long as your gesture for sajdah was lower than your gesture for ruku', your salaat was valid. May Allah Ta’ala give you complete recovery.

 

في نور الإيضاح: وإن تعذر الركوع والسجود صلى قاعدا بالإيماء، وجعل إيماءه للسجود أخفض من إيماءه للركوع. فإن لم يخفضه عنه لا تصح إلخ ؛ وفي الشرح: ( وإن تعذر الركوع والسجود ) وقدر على القعود ولو مستندا ( صلى قاعدا بالإيماء ) للركوع والسجود برأسه، ولا تجزئه مضجعا كما في "الجوهرة" عن "النهاية"، (وجعل إيماءه) برأسه ( للسجود أخفض من إيماءه ) برأسه ( للركوع ) وكذا لو عجز عن السجود وقدر على الركوع يومئ بهما كما في "البحر" عن "البدائع"، وحقيقة الإيماء طأطأة الرأس وروي مجرد تحريكها لما قال في "البحر" و"شرح المقدسي" عن الخاني: مريض عجز عن الإيماء فحرك رأسه، عن أبي حنيفة يجوز، وقال ابن الفضل: لا يجوز لأنه لم يوجد منه الفعل. انتهى. فحقيقة الإيماء طأطأة الرأس. انتهى عبارتهما. ( فإن لم يخفضه ) أي: الإيماء للسجود ( عنه ) أي: الإيماء للركوع بأن جعلهما عن حد سواء ( لا تصح ) كما في "شرح المقدسي" و"البحر" عن "الولوالجية" لفقد السجود حقيقة وحكما مع القدرة

( إمداد الفتّاح شرح نور الإيضاح: ص 449، دار قباء )

 

في تنوير الأبصار: وإن تعذرا [ أي الركوع والسجود ] أومأ قاعدا ويجعل سجوده أخفض من ركوعه إلخ ؛ وفي الدر المختار: ليس تعذرهما شرطا بل تعذر السجود كاف ... وهو [ أي الإيماء قاعدا ] أفضل من الإيماء قائما لقربه من الأرض إلخ ؛ وقال ابن عابدين رحمه الله: ( قوله أومأ قاعدا ) لأن ركنية القيام للتوصل إلى السجود فلا يجب دونه إلخ ... ( قوله: ويجعل سجوده أخفض إلخ ) أشار إلى أنه يكفيه أدنى الانحناء عن الركوع وأنه لا يلزمه تقريب جبهته من الأرض بأقصى ما يمكنه كما بسطه في البحر عن الزاهدي

( رد المحتار: 2/684، دار المعرفة )

 

( وكذا في اللباب شرح الكتاب: ص 109، دار قباء)

 

( وكذا في الإختيار لتعليل المختار: 1/117، دار قباء)

 

And Allāh knows best.

Ml. Faizal Riza
Melbourne
, Australia

Concurred by:

Muftī Abrar Mirza
Chicago
, IL (USA)

Under the Supervision of Muftī Ebrahim Desai (South Africa)

 

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AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
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