Fatwa: # 19099
Category: Daily
Country: Bangladesh
Date: 6th December 2010

Title

Should we recite behind the Imam in Salah?

Question

When we pray Salah (Dhuhr, Asr, etc) behind the Imam, should we recite Surah Fatiha or any other surahs in the first two rakaats, then in the 3rd, 4th rakaats should we read only Surah Fatiha?

Answer

In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The recitation of the Imam is sufficient for you. You will not recite Surah Fatihah or any other surah behind the Imam in any of the rak'aats you pray behind him.1

As for whether or not to recite the Thanaa2 behind the Imam please refer to the table below:

 

 

Silent Prayer (Sirri)

Loud Prayer (Jahri)

Started with the Imam

Recite

Recite

Joined in 1st Rakah in Qiyaam

Recite

Do not Recite

Joined while the Imam is in Ruku or 1st Sajdah

Recite, if you can get the Imam in that position

Recite, if you can get the Imam in that position

Joined in Tashahhud or 2nd Sajdah

Do not Recite

Do not Recite

 

As for the Ta'wwuz3, and Tasmiyah4, they will not be recited by the mudrik (one did not miss any rakaah behind the Imam) in either the silent or the loud prayers.

However, the masbooq (the latecomer who misses 1 or more rakaahs) will recite the Thanaa (if he did not already recite it at the time of joining the Salah) and Ta'wwuz in the 1st missed rakaah that he makes up. He will recite the Tasmiyah in every missed rakaah he makes up.

And Allāh knows best.

Ml. Sohail Bengali
Chicago, IL (USA)

Concurred by:

Muftī Abrar Mirza
Chicago, IL (USA)

Under the Supervision of Muftī Ebrahim Desai (South Africa)

 

________________________________________________________________________

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1   وأورد أن قراءة الإمام خلف عن قراءة المقتدي ، لقوله صلى الله عليه وسلم { من كان له إمام فقراءة الإمام له قراءة   } وأجاب ح بأن المراد بالخلف : خلف يأتي به من فاته الأصل وهاهنا ليس كذلك ا هـ وهو أحسن مما في ط من أنه ليس المراد في الحديث الخلفية بل المراد أن الشارع منعه عن القراءة واكتفى بقراءة الإمام عنه

    رد المحتار الجزء الثاني كتاب الصلاة باب صفة الصلاة ص ١٣٤ دار الكتب العلمية

2        وقيل في المخافتة يثني ، ولو أدركه راكعا أو ساجدا ، إن أكبر رأيه أنه يدركه أتى به

      وقال غيره يثني وينبغي التفصيل ، إن كان الإمام يجهر لا يثني ، وإن كان يسر يثني وهو مختار شيخ الإسلام

     فافهم ( قوله أو ساجدا ) أي السجدة الأولى كما في المنية ، وأشار بالتقييد براكعا أو ساجدا إلى أنه لو أدركه في إحدى القعدتين فالأولى أن لا يثني لتحصيل فضيلة زيادة المشاركة في القعود وكذا لو أدركه في السجدة الثانية

    رد المحتار الجزء الثاني كتاب الصلاة باب صفة الصلاة ص ١٩٠ دار الكتب العلمية                                                                                                                                                        

3           فيأتي به المسبوق عند قيامه لقضاء ما فاته ) لقراءته ( لا المقتدي ) لعدمها  ( قوله فيأتي به المسبوق إلخ ) فذكر المصنف ثلاث مسائل تفريعا على قوله لقراءة بناء على قول أبي حنيفة ومحمد أن التعوذ تبع للقراءة ،   

          رد المحتار الجزء الثاني كتاب الصلاة باب صفة الصلاة ص ١٩١ دار الكتب العلمية

4                                                                              ( و ) كما تعوذ ( سمى ) غير المؤتم بلفظ البسملة

          قوله غير المؤتم ) هو الإمام والمنفرد ، إذ لا دخل للمقتدي لأنه لا يقرأ بدليل أنه قدم أنه لا يتعوذ بحر

    رد المحتار الجزء الثاني كتاب الصلاة باب صفة الصلاة ص ١٩١-١٩٢ دار الكتب العلمية

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AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.
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