Fatwa: # 19098
Category: Daily
Country: India
Date: 6th December 2010

Title

What do you do if your wudhu breaks during Salah?

Question

I am an engineering student at a university. I was leading Asr Salah at my dorm. About thirty students were offering salah behind me. Suddenly my wudhu broke, but I completed salah and did not repeat it. Was our Salah accepted? If not what should one do if wudhu breaks during Salah?

Answer

In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

When your wudhu broke, your Salah and the Salah of those praying behind you terminated because you did not appoint a deputy Imam to continue and complete the rest of the Salah.

Since the Salah was also not repeated in its time, you will have to make up that Salah. You will also have to inform those who prayed behind you so that they can make up that particular Salah as well.1


IF THE IMAM'S WUDHU BREAKS DURING SALAH:

The Imam whose wudhu breaks during Salah will appoint a qualified, deputy Imam on his behalf to continue the Salah.

It is necessary for the deputy Imam to make an intention of leading the people.2

There can be no talking, either forgetfully or on purpose, or any action that is not part of Salah3

The preferred method is for the Imam whose wudhu breaks during Salah, to terminate his Salah immediately (by making Salam). This action of his will terminate the Salah of those praying behind him as well. The Imam will then make fresh wudhu and restart the Salah from the beginning. The muqtadis (followers) would wait for him to return.4

 

IF THE MUNFARID'S WUDHU BREAKS DURING SALAH:

A munfarid (person praying individually) whose wudhu breaks during Salah should also ideally terminate his Salah (with Salam) immediately and restart from the beginning after making fresh wudhu.

 

IF THE MUQTADI'S WUDHU BREAKS DURING SALAH:

As for the muqtadi (follower) whose wudhu breaks during Salaah will also  terminate his Salah (with Salam) immediately and go make wudhu. If the congregation has finished by the time he returns, he should restart his Salah from the beginning and complete it.

If the congregation is still in progress when he returns, he will join it as a latecomer would.5 All those rakaah(s) that he prayed with the Imam before his wudhu broke and while he was out for wudhu, he will make them up after the Imam has finished his prayer just as a latecomer would.

 

And Allāh knows best.

 

Ml. Sohail Bengali
Chicago, IL (USA)


Concurred by:

Muftī Abrar Mirza
Chicago, IL (USA)

 

Under the Supervision of Muftī Ebrahim Desai (South Africa)

 

________________________________________________________________________

DISCLAIMER – AskImam.org questions

AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Sharī’ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes.  However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment.  Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.

·         The Shar’ī ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.

·         AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.

·         This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.

·         Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited.  Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.



1              وإذا ظهر حدث إمامه وكذا كل مفسد في رأي مقتد ( بطلت فيلزم إعادتها ) لتضمنها صلاة المؤتم صحة وفسادا ( كما يلزم الإمام إخبار القوم إذا أمهم وهو محدث أو جنب ) أو فاقد شرط أو ركن

          قوله وإذا ظهر حدث إمامه ) أي بشهادة الشهود أنه أحدث وصلى قبل أن يتوضأ أو بإخباره عن نفسه

          وأما إذا كان متأخرا عن تكبيرة المقتدي فإنها تنعقد أولا ، ثم تبطل عند وجود الحدث          قوله لتضمنها ) أي تضمن صلاة الإمام ، والأولى التصريح به وأشار به إلى حديث الإمام ضامن

          فإذا صحت صلاة الإمام صحت صلاة المقتدي إلا لمانع آخر ، وإذا فسدت صلاته فسدت صلاة المقتدي

          رد المحتار الجزء الثاني كتاب الصلاة باب الإمامة ص ٣٣٩ -٣٤٠ دار الكتب العلمية

2   Fatawaa Mahmoodiya, Volume 2, Pg. 88, Kutub Khana Mazhari

3                                   وكذا إذا تكلم في الصلاة عامداً أو ناسياً أو عمل فيها ما ليس من أعمال الصلاة 

    بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع الجزء الثاني كتاب الصلاة فصل في شرائط جواز البناء ص ٩٣ دار الكتب العلمية

4                                              قوله واستئنافه أفضل أي بأن يعمل عملا يقطع الصلاة ثم يشرع بعد الوضوء                        

           رد المحتار الجزء الثاني كتاب الصلاة باب الاستخلاف ص ٣٥٥-٣٥٦ دار الكتب العلمية

5              وإن كان مقتديا فانصرف وتوضأ فإن لم يفرغ إمامه من الصلاة فعليه أن يعود

    بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع الجزء الثاني كتاب الصلاة فصل في الكلام في محل البناء ص ٩٩ دار الكتب العلمية

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.
The Messenger of Allah said, "When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of Deen."
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]