Category: Worldly Possessions
Fatwa#: 18550
Asked Country: India

Answered Date: Mar 12,2010

Title: Just want to clear that can a muslim use a condom on the first night of his wedding if he want to go for a family planning one of my friend told me that its haram to use a

Question

its a very good knowledgeable site on the internet i appericate it

     Just want to clear that can a muslim  use a condom on the first night of his wedding if he want to go for a family planning one of my friend told me that its haram to use a condom on first night of wedding and walima will not be halal is it true iam desperate about this question please reply with the answer May Allaha bless All of Us

Answer

 

In the name of Allāh, Most Gracious, Most Merciful


Assalāmu ῾alaykum wa Rahmatullāhi Wabarakātuh

 

 

 

Allah Ta’ala has created men and women as lifelong partners for one another so that they may procreate and live in peace and tranquility according to His commandments and the guidelines of His Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi Wasallam). The nature of marriage is such that it brings about joy and happiness to the couple and their families. Allah Ta’ala mentions so beautifully in the Qur’an:

In addition, among His signs is this that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that you may dwell in tranquillity with them, and He has put love and mercy between your hearts. Undoubtedly in these are signs for those who reflect. (Qur’an-30:21)

Marriage is a religious duty, a moral safeguard as well as a social necessity. Through marriage, families are established and are regarded to be an essential component of our society. It is also a form of Ibaadah because it is obeying Allah Ta’ala and his messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). It is not a matter that can be taken lightly and should be entered into with total commitment and full knowledge of what it involves. Marriage is not like buying a new dress where you can exchange it if you do not like it. One should be mature enough to understand the demands of marriage so that the can be a lasting one.

Nevertheless, hereunder is a standard answer prepared by the Darul Ifta on contraception.

 

CONTRACEPTION

 

All forms of contraception (e.g. condoms, IUD, etc.) are permissible on condition that it is not used out of fear of poverty and also that it is consentual between husband and wife. Hazrat Abu Saeed Khudri (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that one person asked Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) about Azal (Coitus Interruptus). Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) replied, “When Allah Ta’ala intends creating a child, nothing can stop him”.

(Mishkat, Pg.275, Qadeemi)

 

Reversible

 

Chemical - the pill which is taken orally or spermicidal jellies used locally.

Mechanical - use of condom (intra-uterine device).

Physical - coitus interruptus.

Permanent - sterilization operation - tubal ligations - vasectomies.

 

Question 1

 

Is the Practice of contraception allowed in Islam? If so, under what circumstances?

 

 

 

Answer

 

Contraception is permissible on a limited scale for valid reasons considered by the Shariah to be valid. The circumstances which will permit reversible and permanent contraception differ.

 

REVERSIBLE CONTRACEPTION

 

Among the reasons accepted by the Shariah as valid for practising reversible contraception are:

(A) Physical weakness.
(B) Sickness.
(C) The wife maintaining her beauty or figure for the sake of her husband.
(D) The couple being on a journey or in a distant land.
(E) Adverse political conditions, e.g. children are forcibly separated from their parents as is advocated by communism; etc.
(F) The couple decide to separate in the near future.
(G) The wife is an immoral person.

 

There are valid grounds for practising reversible contraception. Poverty or the fear of poverty are not valid reasons for contraception. It is not permissible to practice contraception on account of a fear of not being able to provide for a large family. Such a fear is an attribute of non-Muslims. According to the Qur’an Shareef: 'There is not a living creature, but its sustenance is the responsibility of Allah.'

Similarly desire to curb sexual desire which may stem out of piety is not a lawful ground for contraception. If practised for any reason which is unlawful in Islam, then contraception will likewise be unlawful, e.g. for indulgence in illicit sex

 

PERMANENT CONTRACEPTION

 

Permanent contraception is permissible only if the woman's life is in danger or her health is seriously threatened.

 

The usage of contraceptives will not affect the walima.

 

And Allāh Ta῾āla Knows Best

Wassalāmu ῾alaykum 

 

Ml. Ebrahim Desai,
Student Dārul Iftā

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Dārul Iftā

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.