Fatwa: # 18340
Category: Food
Country: South Africa
Date: 22nd October 2009

Title

can you please confirm if eating crow is really halaal, as you’ve mentioned in fatwa# 18321?

Question

Assalamualaikum, can you please confirm if eating crow is really halaal, as you’ve mentioned in fatwa# 18321?

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful


Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

 

Due to the various species of crow, the fuqahaa have divided them up into three categories:

a) Crows that eat carrion only

b) Crows that eat crop, grains etc. only (no meat)

c) Crows that eat some of both

 

Category (a) is haraam to eat, while categories (b) and (c) are both permissible.

 

قال رحمه الله : ( وحل غراب الزرع ) لأنه يأكل الحب وليس من سباع الطير ولا من الخبائث قال رحمه الله : ( لا الأبقع - الذي يأكل الجيف - والضبع والضب والزنبور والسلحفاة والحشرات والحمر الأهلية والبغل ) يعني : هذه الأشياء لا تؤكل أما الغراب الأبقع فلأنه يأكل الجيف فصار كسباع الطير والغراب ثلاثة أنواع : نوع يأكل الجيف فحسب فإنه لا يؤكل ، ونوع يأكل الحب فحسب فإنه يؤكل ، ونوع يخلط بينهما وهو أيضا يؤكل عند الإمام وهو العقعق لأنه يأكل الدجاج وعن أبي يوسف أنه يكره أكله لأنه غالب أكله الجيف ، والأول أصح

(Al-Bahrul Raaiq, 8/172, Rashidiyyah)

 

قال في العناية : وأما الغراب الأبقع والأسود فهو أنواع ثلاثة : نوع يلتقط الحب ولا يأكل الجيف وليس بمكروه .

ونوع لا يأكل إلا الجيف وهو الذي سماه المصنف الأبقع وإنه مكروه .

ونوع يخلط يأكل الحب مرة والجيف أخرى ولم يذكره في الكتاب ، وهو غير مكروه عنده مكروه عند أبي يوسف ا هـ والأخير هو العقعق كما في المنح

(Raddul Muhtaar)

 

(Fatawa Mahmudiyyah, 18/221, Faruqiyyah)

 

And Allah knows best

Wassalaamu `alaykum

Ml. Asif Umar,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa

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