Fatwa: # 18174
Category: Hajj
Country: South Africa
Date: 3rd August 2009

Title

I have come across a Hadith in Fazail Haj regarding the virtues of reading 40 Namazes in Musjid Nabawi,one attains freedom from hypocrisy,fire of hell & punishment. (Hadith No 7)

Question

I have come across a Hadith in Fazail Haj regarding the virtues of reading 40 Namazes in Musjid Nabawi,one attains freedom from hypocrisy,fire of hell & punishment. (Hadith No 7) 

My question regarding this Hadith is:

1) In order to receive these merits,is it a COMPULSORY CONDITION that these 40 Namazes be read in succession? Or is it just an encouragement? I have intention to first go to Madina for 3 days,go for Umra in between & return to Madina for 5 days!

2) In order to receive these merits,does a person have to read ALL these Namazes with Takbeer Oola? 

3) Kindly define Takbeer Oola?

I would highly appreciate a clear speedy reply for all my abovementioned questions with references.

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

Firstly, the Hadith in reference to the question is as follows:

حدثنا عبد الله حدثني أبي ثنا الحكم بن موسى قال أبو عبد الرحمن عبد الله وسمعته أنا من الحكم بن موسى ثنا عبد الرحمن بن أبي الرجال عن نبيط بن عمرو عن أنس بن مالك عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم انه قال : من صلى في مسجدي أربعين صلاة لا يفوته صلاة كتبت له براءة من النار ونجاة من العذاب وبريء من النفاق

تعليق شعيب الأرنؤوط : إسناده ضعيف لجهالة نبيط بن عمر

“Anas ibn Malik (RadiyAllahu Anhu) says that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: Whoever prays forty salats in my masjid (Masjid an-Nabawi) without missing a salah between then freedom from the hellfire, escape from punishment, and freedom from hypocrisy will be written for him” (Musnad Ahmed)

The chain of this Hadith has been classified as weak by Muhaddithun. Nevertheless, it is considered mustahab to offer the forty prayers in Masjid an-Nabawi. Hereunder are the answers to your queries:

1) It is necessary to offer the forty prayers in succession as is clearly mentioned in the Hadith. (Fatawa Mahmudiyyah, 10/441. Faruqiyya)

2) It is not clearly mentioned in this Hadith whether the prayers must be observed with the takbeer ula. However, a similar Hadith which is more general has been mentioned in Tirmidhi (in the chapter mentioning the reward for observing prayer with the takbeer ula) saying:

حدثنا عقبة بن مكرم ونصر بن على الجهضمى قالا حدثنا أبو قتيبة سلم بن قتيبة عن طعمة بن عمرو عن حبيب بن أبى ثابت عن أنس بن مالك قال قال رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- « من صلى لله أربعين يوما فى جماعة يدرك التكبيرة الأولى كتبت له براءتان براءة من النار وبراءة من النفاق ». قال أبو عيسى وقد روى هذا الحديث عن أنس موقوفا ولا أعلم أحدا رفعه إلا ما روى سلم بن قتيبة عن طعمة بن عمرو عن حبيب بن أبى ثابت عن أنس.  

“Anas ibn Malik (RadiyAllahu Anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: Whoever observes prayer for forty days in congregation with the takbeen ula, he will become free of two things: freedom from the hellfire and freedom from hypocrisy” (Tirmidhi, 1/56, HM Saeed)

Therefore, we can say one should observe the prayers with the takbeer ula.

3) According to Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahimahullah), takbeer ula is fulfilled as long as one catches the first rakat of salah, not takbeer tahreemah.

باب في فضل التكبيرة الاولى-عند ابي حنيفة واجد الركعة الاولى واجد فضل التحريمة ممتد الى الركوع (العرف الشذي)

(Al-Arful Shazzee, P. 131, HM Saeed)

It is important however that one makes an effort to come to the masjid as early as possible before the commencement of salah.

حدثنا محمد بن علي المديني قال : ثنا الحكم بن موسى قال : ثنا عبد الرحمن بن أبي الرجال ، عن نبيط بن عمر ، عن أنس بن مالك قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : « من صلى في مسجدي أربعين صلاة لا يفوته صلاة ، كتب الله له براءة من النار ، ونجاة من العذاب » « لم يرو هذا الحديث عن أنس إلا نبيط بن عمر ، تفرد به ابن أبي الرجال »

(Al-Mu’jam al-Awsat-Tabraani)

 

And Allah knows best

Wassalaamu `alaykum

Ml. Asif Umar,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa

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