Fatwa: # 18121
Category: Misc. Fiqh
Country: South Africa
Date: 17th July 2009


Is it permissible to have a Caram Boad Tournament,which has a enterence fee of 20 pounds and the winner of the competition gets a prize of 200 pounds?


Is it permissible to have a  Caram Boad Tournament,which has a enterence fee of 20 pounds and the winner of the competition gets a prize of 200 pounds?


In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh


It is not permissible to have a tournament with an entrance fee and the winner collecting the money.  In a transaction, when one gives the money, he should know exactly what he is getting in return.  In the mentioned scenario, each person pays the twenty pounds entrance fee but no one knows whether he/she will get anything in return or not.  Such transactions where the outcome is unknown are known as containing gharar, which the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم has declared impermissible. 


وحدثنا أبو بكر بن أبى شيبة حدثنا عبد الله بن إدريس ويحيى بن سعيد وأبو أسامة عن عبيد الله ح وحدثنى زهير بن حرب - واللفظ له - حدثنا يحيى بن سعيد عن عبيد الله حدثنى أبو الزناد عن الأعرج عن أبى هريرة قال نهى رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- عن بيع الحصاة وعن بيع الغرر (صحيح مسلم، كتاب البيوع، باب بطلان بيع الحصاة والبيع: 2/2؛ كتب خانه)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم forbade…transactions involving gharar (Muslim)


Therefore, such a tournament with entrance fees, where one person wins the money and all others lose, is gambling and completely impermissible.  Allāh Ta’ālā says in the Qur’ān,


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالْأَنْصَابُ وَالْأَزْلَامُ رِجْسٌ مِنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ (المائدة: 90)

O you who believe, intoxicants, gambling, (dedication of) stones, and (divination by) arrows are an abomination of Shaytān’s work, so stay away from it so that you may be successful (Qur’ān 5:90)


Simply changing the name of the gambling money and winnings to “entrance fees” and “prize” will not change the ruling.


فإن شرطوا لذلك جعلاً فإن شرطوا الجعل من الجانبين فهو حرام وصورة ذلك: أن يقول الرجل لغيره تعال حتى نتسابق فإن سبق فرسك...أعطيك كذا وإن سبق فرسي...أعطيتني كذا وهذا هو القمار بعينه وهذا لأن القمار مشتق من القمر الذي يزداد وينقص سمي القمار قماراً لأن كل واحد من المقامرين ممن يجوز أن يذهب ماله إلى صاحبه أويستفيد مال صاحبه فيزداد مال كل واحد منهما مرة وينتقص أخرى فإذا كان المال مشروطاً من الجانبين كان قماراً والقمار حرام ولأن فيه تعليق تمليك المال بالخطر وإنه لا يجوز

(المحيط البرهاني، كتاب الكراهية والاستحسان، الفصل السابع: 8/14؛ إدارة)


والقمار حرام بالإجماع وبنص التنزيل

(المرجع السابق: 8/15)


وسمي القمار قمارا لأن كل واحد من المقامرين ممن يجوز أن يذهب ماله إلى صاحبه ويجوز أن يستفيد مال صاحبه وهو حرام بالنص

(رد المحتار، كتاب الحظر والإباحة، فصل في البيع: 7/403؛ سعيد)


And Allah knows best

Wassalaamu `alaykum

Ml. Abrar Mirza,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.
The Messenger of Allah said, "When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of Deen."
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]