Fatwa: # 18121
Category: Misc. Fiqh
Country: South Africa
Date: 17th July 2009

Title

Is it permissible to have a Caram Boad Tournament,which has a enterence fee of 20 pounds and the winner of the competition gets a prize of 200 pounds?

Question

Is it permissible to have a  Caram Boad Tournament,which has a enterence fee of 20 pounds and the winner of the competition gets a prize of 200 pounds?

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful


Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

 

It is not permissible to have a tournament with an entrance fee and the winner collecting the money.  In a transaction, when one gives the money, he should know exactly what he is getting in return.  In the mentioned scenario, each person pays the twenty pounds entrance fee but no one knows whether he/she will get anything in return or not.  Such transactions where the outcome is unknown are known as containing gharar, which the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم has declared impermissible. 

 

وحدثنا أبو بكر بن أبى شيبة حدثنا عبد الله بن إدريس ويحيى بن سعيد وأبو أسامة عن عبيد الله ح وحدثنى زهير بن حرب - واللفظ له - حدثنا يحيى بن سعيد عن عبيد الله حدثنى أبو الزناد عن الأعرج عن أبى هريرة قال نهى رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- عن بيع الحصاة وعن بيع الغرر (صحيح مسلم، كتاب البيوع، باب بطلان بيع الحصاة والبيع: 2/2؛ كتب خانه)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم forbade…transactions involving gharar (Muslim)

 

Therefore, such a tournament with entrance fees, where one person wins the money and all others lose, is gambling and completely impermissible.  Allāh Ta’ālā says in the Qur’ān,

 

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالْأَنْصَابُ وَالْأَزْلَامُ رِجْسٌ مِنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ (المائدة: 90)

O you who believe, intoxicants, gambling, (dedication of) stones, and (divination by) arrows are an abomination of Shaytān’s work, so stay away from it so that you may be successful (Qur’ān 5:90)

 

Simply changing the name of the gambling money and winnings to “entrance fees” and “prize” will not change the ruling.

 

فإن شرطوا لذلك جعلاً فإن شرطوا الجعل من الجانبين فهو حرام وصورة ذلك: أن يقول الرجل لغيره تعال حتى نتسابق فإن سبق فرسك...أعطيك كذا وإن سبق فرسي...أعطيتني كذا وهذا هو القمار بعينه وهذا لأن القمار مشتق من القمر الذي يزداد وينقص سمي القمار قماراً لأن كل واحد من المقامرين ممن يجوز أن يذهب ماله إلى صاحبه أويستفيد مال صاحبه فيزداد مال كل واحد منهما مرة وينتقص أخرى فإذا كان المال مشروطاً من الجانبين كان قماراً والقمار حرام ولأن فيه تعليق تمليك المال بالخطر وإنه لا يجوز

(المحيط البرهاني، كتاب الكراهية والاستحسان، الفصل السابع: 8/14؛ إدارة)

 

والقمار حرام بالإجماع وبنص التنزيل

(المرجع السابق: 8/15)

 

وسمي القمار قمارا لأن كل واحد من المقامرين ممن يجوز أن يذهب ماله إلى صاحبه ويجوز أن يستفيد مال صاحبه وهو حرام بالنص

(رد المحتار، كتاب الحظر والإباحة، فصل في البيع: 7/403؛ سعيد)

 

And Allah knows best

Wassalaamu `alaykum

Ml. Abrar Mirza,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa

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