Fatwa: # 17555
Category: Prayer (Salaat)
Country: United States
Date: 22nd February 2009

Title

Qadha Umri Salaah

Question

I have one question regarding Qadha E Umree Salah. Recent I saw below article which says a short method for qadha sala. Only questions I have is on the point #2 which says reading Subhan Allah instead of Surah Fatiha. Is it proper and is it as per Sunnah to pray this way as mentioned below.
Your reply will be greatly valued..
Barak Allahu Feekum


---- Article ----

Method of praying Qaza Salahs Quickly

If someone have missed Salahs in their account. Either one time's or of many years, they must pray their Qaza as soon as possible. Salah is a Fard and not forgiven. On the day of judgement Salah will be the first thing asked about.

For the people who have many years of missed Salahs. There is a way to pray them quickly. Following instructions have four exeptions and has all Fards and Wajibs for a complete Salat. Please pray your Qaza as soon as possible. Even of you could pray one days Qaza Salahs every day which are only 20 rakahs (3 wajib witr), please do it. It only takes few mins to perform 20 rakahs according to the following instructions.

1) In Ruku and Sajdah instead of reciting "Subhaana Rabbiyal Azeem" and "Subhaana Rabbiyal A'la" three times, say it only once. But make sure do not leave Ruku poster untill the Meem (M) of Azeem has been said properly. Similarly do not leave the posture of Sajdah until Ala has been said completely. Just make sure to say these Tasbeehaat properly and do not rush.

2) In third and four Rakah of Fard Salah instead of reciting the whole Soorah Fatiha say, "Subhan Allah" three times and go to Ruku, . Make sure "Subhan Allah" has been recited three times properly, do not rush. This exeption is only for Fard. In third rakah of Witr it's a must to recite full Soorah Fatiha followed by at least three ayahs of Quran or a soorah (as we usually do in first and second rakah).

3) In last Qaidah (when we sit for Attahyyat) before Salam, after Attahyyat instead of full Durood and Dua just say, "Allah Humma Salle Ala Sayedena Mohammad Wa Aalihi", then finish the Salat with Salam. Dua is not a must here.

4) In Witr, instead of full Dua-e-Qunoot just say "Rabbigh Fir Lee" one or three times.


(Fatawa Rizvia, Part 3, Page 622)

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Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

The prescribed method of making qadha prayers in the article includes the fard and waajib parts of the salah and leaves out many of the sunnahs. Although the salah will be valid with this method, it may be void of full reward. Qadha salah should be performed like adaa salah in every way possible; hence the sunnahs should be observed as well. 

As for point #2 in the article, it is mustahab to recite Surah Al-Fatihah in the last two rak’aats of the fardh prayers. At a minimum, one must stand for the time it takes to say tasbeeh (SubhanaAllah) once. However, as stated before one should not unnecessarily leave out the sunnahs of salah. We should strive to make each and every salah as perfect as possible.

As far as praying qadha umri salah, the Fuqahaa have mentioned an easy method to offer missed salahs. They explain that one should perform one qadha salah before or after every fardh salah. In this way, one can keep track of the amount of completed qadha prayers with ease, while this method will also ensure that too much time will not be taken in making up missed prayers.

وهو مخير في الأخريين معناه إن شاء سكت وإن شاء قرأ وإن شاء سبح كذا روي عن أبي حنيفة رحمه الله وهو المأثور عن علي وابن مسعود وعائشة رضي الله عنهم إلا أن الأفضل أن يقرأ لأنه عليه الصلاة و السلام داوم على ذلك ولهذا لا يجب السهو بتركها في ظاهر الرواية

(Al-Hidayah, 1/148, Maktaba Shirkah)

( واكتفى ) المفترض ( فيما بعد الأوليين بالفاتحة ) فإنها سنة على الظاهر ، ولو زاد لا بأس به ( وهو مخير بين قراءة ) الفاتحة وصحح العيني وجوبها ( وتسبيح ثلاثا ) وسكوت قدرها ، وفي النهاية قدر تسبيحة ، فلا يكون مسيئا بالسكوت

(Darrul Mukhtar, 1/511, 512, HM Saeed)

( قوله وسكوت قدرها ) أي قدر ثلاث تسبيحات ( قوله وفي النهاية قدر تسبيحة ) قال شيخنا : وهو أليق بالأصول حلية : أي لأن ركن القيام يحصل بها لما مر أن الركنية تتعلق بالأدنى ( قوله فلا يكون مسيئا بالسكوت على المذهب إلخ ) اعلم أنهم اتفقوا في ظاهر الرواية على أن قراءة الفاتحة أفضل ، وعلى أنه لو اقتصر على التسبيح لا يكون مسيئا .

(Raddul Muhtar, 1/511, 512, HM Saeed)

(Ahsan al-Fatawa, 3/71, HM Saeed)

And Allah knows best

Wassalam u Alaikum

Ml. Asif Umar,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa

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