Category: History
Fatwa#: 17479
Asked Country: Saudi Arabia

Answered Date: Feb 10,2009

Title: Can I know the name of the sahabih who was authorized to gather all quranic verses and create one QURAN and the sahabih who has a dream of how to convey salah to others in the form of Azaan.

Question

Can I know the name of the sahabih who was authorized to gather all quranic verses and create one QURAN and the sahabih who has a dream of how to convey salah to others in the form of Azaan.

 

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

1. The Qur’an was gathered during the era of Hazrat Abu bakr Siddeeq [Radiallahu anhu].Hazrat Zaid Bin Thabit [Radiallahu Anhu] was requested to gather the Quran.

بيان جمعه ومن حفظه من الصحابة رضى الله عنهم جمع القرآن على عهد أبى بكر روى البخاري في صحيحه عن زيد بن ثابت قال أرسل إلى أبو بكر مقتل أهل اليمامة فإذا عمر بن الخطاب عنده فقال أبو بكر إن عمر أتانى فقال إن القتل قد استحر بيوم اليمامة بقراء القرآن وإنى أخشى أن يستحر القتل بالمواطن فيذهب كثير من القرآن وإنى أرى أن تأمر بجمع القرآن قلت لعمر كيف نفعل شيئا لم يفعله رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال عمر والله إن هذا خير فلم يزل عمر يراجعني حتى شرح الله صدري لذلك وقد رأيت في ذلك الذى رأى عمر قال زيد وقال أبو بكر إنك رجل شاب عاقل لا أتهمك وقد كنت تكتب الوحى لرسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فتتبع القرآن واجمعه قال زيد فوالله لوكلفنى نقل جبل من الجبال ما كان بأثقل على مما أمرنى به من جمع القرآن قلت كيف تفعلون شيئا لم يفعله رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال هو والله خير فلم يزل أبو بكر يراجعني حتى شرح الله صدري للذى شرح له صدر أبى بكر وعمر فتتبعت القرآن أجمعه من العسب واللخاف وصدور

Hazrat Zaid Bin Thabit (May Allah Ta'ala be Pleased with him) narrates, once Abu Bakr (May Allah Ta'ala be Pleased with him) called me to the battle of Yamaamah whilst Omar (May Allah Ta'ala be Pleased with him) was present. Abu Bakr (May Allah Ta'ala be Pleased with him) said that Omar (May Allah Ta'ala be Pleased with him) approached me saying, Indeed the memorises of Quran that were killed are great in number and I fear that it will be more intense in different places. A great portion of the Qur’an will be lost and my opinion is that you command someone to gather the Qur’an. I said to him, how can I ever do something which Nabi صلي الله عليه و سلم did not do. Omar (May Allah Ta'ala be Pleased with him) said definitely there’s goodness in it and Omar (May Allah Ta'ala be Pleased with him) persisted on this topic until Allah Ta’ala put my heart at ease. Zaid (May Allah Ta'ala be Pleased with him) says that Abu Bakr (May Allah Ta'ala be Pleased with him) addressed me saying, you are an intelligent young man and I don’t doubt you and you used to write down the revelations for Nabi صلي الله عليه و سلم so search for the Qur’an and gather it. Zaid (May Allah Ta'ala be Pleased with him) said, by the Qasam of Allah if you ask me to move a mountain it will be more easier than doing what you have commanded me to do and exclaimed, how is it possible to do something which Nabi صلي الله عليه و سلم did not do. Abu Bakr (May Allah Ta'ala be Pleased with him) said indeed there’s goodness in it and continued reminding me until I also felt at ease like how Allah made his heart feel at ease. I searched for the Qur’an and gathered it from date palm leaves,stones and the hearts of man.

[Al Burhan Fi Uloomil Qur’an-Al Tibyan Pg 56-Al Itqaan V1 Pg153]

2. Abdullah ibn Zaid Ibn Abdi Rabbih [Radiallahu Anhu] was the sahabi who had the dream of the azaan

حدثنا سعيد بن يحيى بن سعيد الأموي حدثنا أبي حدثنا محمد بن إسحق عن محمد بن إبرهيم [ بن الحرث ] التيمي عن محمد بن عبد الله بن زيد عن أبيه قال : لما أصبحنا أتينا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فأخبرته بالرؤيا فقال إن هذه لرؤيا حق فقم مع بلال فإنه أندى وأمد صوتا منك فألق عليه ما قيل لك وليناد بذلك قال فلما سمع عمر بن الخطاب نداء بلال بالصلاة خرج إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وهو يجر إزاره وهو يقول يا رسول والذي بعثك بالحق لقد رأيت مثل الذي قال [ قال ] فقال رسول صلى الله عليه وسلم فلله الحمد فذلك أثبت [ قال ] وفي الباب عن ابن عمر قال أبو عيسى حديث عبد الله بن زيد [ حديث ] حسن صحيح وقد روى هذا الحديث إبرهيم بن سعد عن محمد بن إسحق أتم من هذا الحديث وأطول

It is reported on the authority of Abdullah bin Zaid (May Allah Ta'ala be Pleased with him) that he once approached Nabi صلي الله عليه و سلم with news of a dream, and Nabi صلي الله عليه و سلم said this dream is true so go to Bilal (May Allah Ta'ala have mercy on him) because he has a louder voice and tell him what you have told me so he may call it out.When Umar (May Allah Ta'ala be Pleased with him) heard the azaan he came to Nabi صلي الله عليه و سلم fastening his pants saying, Oh Nabi of Allah صلي الله عليه و سلم Qasam on that being who has sent you with the truth,I have seen the exact same thing. Nabi صلي الله عليه و سلم expressed his gratitude by praising Allah Ta’ala and through this the azaan was established.

 [Jaamiu Tirmizi Pg 48 Saeed Company]

 

And Allah knows best

Wassalam u Alaikum

Ml. Ebrahim Desai,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

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