Fatwa: # 16801
Category: Character & Morals
Country: United Arab Emirates
Date: 9th June 2008

Title

My question is: is this sin? passing urine by standing or by little bending. or what is solution with this kind of situation.

Question

i am an Indian Muslim brother working abroad. in my office all we have western toilets. many non muslims uses the toilets through out the day and make dirty. I can sit on toilet plate and pass urine. before i was sitting on top of toilet with help of my legs and passing urine. Now i have a fear that if fell down or toilet breaks then i will have serious accident, so i have stopped that. Now i am passing urine by standing or little bending. after passing urine i use toilet paper to dry and then wash by water.

i know standing and passing urine is against sunnat. but i am helpless.

My question is: is this sin? passing urine by standing or by little bending. or what is solution with this kind of situation.

 

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

When using the western style toilet (high pan), one should be cautious about impurities splashing on the body and clothes. If it is possible to squat on the toilet then we advise to squat on top and urinate. One should be put some tissue in the water to avoid splashes from the toilet bowl water. Another option is to bend down low enough into a sitting position without putting the rear end on the toilet seat and pass urine.

If it is not possible to squat on top of the toilet, then one may sit on the toilet seat and relieve oneself.  The toilet seat should be cleaned with water if possible. If not, the one may wipe it a few times with wet tissue papers.

If this also is not possible, then one may stand and urinate. One should make sure that no drops of urine splashes onto the body or clothes. It is makruh to urinate standing without a valid excuse. Therefore, this should be the last option as the chances of urine splashing are greater and also it is difficult to make istinja in this manner.

- ( قوله : وأن يبول قائما ) لما ورد من النهي عنه { ولقول عائشة رضي الله عنها من حدثكم أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يبول قائما فلا تصدقوه ، ما كان يبول إلا قاعدا } رواه أحمد والترمذي والنسائي وإسناده جيد .قال النووي في شرح مسلم : وقد روي في النهي أحاديث لا تثبت ولكن حديث عائشة ثابت فلذا قال العلماء يكره إلا لعذر ، وهي كراهة تنزيه لا تحريم . (رد المحتار 1/344 سعيد)

- قوله : ويكره البول قائما قال في شرح المشكاة : قيل : النهي للتنزيه وقيل للتحريم وفي البناية قال الطحاوي : لا بأس بالبول قائما اهـ قوله : لتنجسه غالبا : أي لتجنس الشخص به ولأنه من الجفاء كما ورد قوله : إلا من عذر [ روي أنه عليه الصلاة والسلام بال قائما لجرح في باطن ركبته ] لم يتمكن معه من القعود وقيل لأنه لم يجد مكانا طاهرا للعقود لامتلاء الموضع بالنجاسات وقيل لوجع كان بصلبه الشريف فإن العرب تستشفي لوجع الصلب بالبول قائما كما قاله الشافعي وقال الغزالي في الإحياء : قال زين العرب : أجمع أربعون طبيبا على أن البول في الحمام قائما دواء من سبعين داء (حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح ص54 دار الكتب العلمية)

And Allah knows best

Wassalam

Ml. Ehzaz Ajmeri,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa

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