Fatwa: # 16689
Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings...
Country: South Africa
Date: 11th May 2008


Can i photocopy pages from books and share? What renders a Muslim out of the fold of Islam?


i like to buy many islamic books.is it permissable for me to sometimes when a freind wants some info on a certain subject to photocopy some things from these books and give it to her?and can you please tell me what would render a muslim out of the fold of islam .like can he say something by mistake and become a kaafir?and if so will he than have to say his kalima infront of witnesses to renew his iman.


In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

1)      According to our understanding of the copyright law, one cannot use the book (or copyrighted item) for any commercial gain without prior consent of the owner. However, one may use it for private use. Therefore, it would be permissible to copy few pages of such a book if it does not violate the copyright laws.

2)      It is not befitting for a Muslim to even think of uttering any words of kufr. Uttering any statement of kufr intentionally leads a person to leave the fold of Islam. If one made such statements mockingly (Istihzaa) or considering it permissible (Istihlaal) or considering it to be insignificant (Istikhfaaf) then too he will leave the fold of Islam.

ومن أتى بلفظة الكفر ، وهو لم يعلم أنها كفر إلا أنه أتى بها عن اختيار يكفر عند عامة العلماء خلافا للبعض ، ولا يعذر بالجهل كذا في الخلاصة الهازل ، أو المستهزئ إذا تكلم بكفر استخفافا واستهزاء ومزاحا يكون كفرا عند الكل ، وإن كان اعتقاده خلاف ذلك الخاطئ إذا أجرى على لسانه كلمة الكفر خطأ بأن كان يريد أن يتكلم بما ليس بكفر فجرى على لسانه كلمة الكفر خطأ لم يكن ذلك كفرا عند الكل كذا في فتاوى قاضي خان .

الفتاوى الهندية  - (ج 2 / ص 276)

And Allah knows best


Ml. Ishaq E. Moosa,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa

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