Fatwa: # 15879
Category: Hadith
Country: United Kingdom
Date: 19th November 2007

Title

I heard or read a story regarding Adam (as) quite some time ago..."When Allah (swt) expelled Adam (as) and Hawa from Jannah and put them on Earth..." Can you please authenticate it.

Question

ASAK Mufti Sahaab,

I heard or read a story regarding Adam (as) quite some time ago. The story goes a bit like this:

When Allah (swt) expelled Adam (as) and Hawa from Jannah and put them on Earth, Adam (as) would ask for forgiveness every single day, but one day whilst asking for forgiveness he mentioned Muhammad's (saw) name because he saw his name on Allah's (swt) Arsh.

Is there any truth in the above story?

Please let me know as this has been bothering me for quite some time now.

Jazakallah Kher,

Wassalaam.

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh

The hadith you have mentioned is in the Al Mu’jam Al-Sagir li Al-Tabrani, Mustadrak Al-Hakim, Abu Nu’aym and Al-Bayhaqi in their Al-Dalail and Ibn Asakir.

 

The wording of the hadith is:

عن عمر بن الخطاب قال « قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : لما أذنب آدم الذنب الذي أذنبه ، رفع رأسه إلى السماء فقال : أسألك بحق محمد إلا غفرت لي؟ فأوحى الله إليه : ومن محمد؟ فقال : تبارك اسمك . لما خلقتني رفعت رأسي إلى عرشك فإذا فيه مكتوب » لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله « فعلمت أنه ليس أحد أعظم عندك قدراً ممن جعلت اسمه مع اسمك . فأوحى الله إليه : يا آدم انه آخر النبين من ذريتك ، ولولا هو ما خلقتك     

 

Muhammad (Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam)said, "After Adam (Alaihis Salam) happened to commit the wrong,(as a result of which he was transferred from Paradise to Earth) he used to spend all his time in weeping, praying and repenting, and once he looked up towards the Heaven and supplicated, "O  Allah!  I beg thy forgiveness in the name of Muhammad (Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam)." "Who is Muhammad?" came the enquiry through divine revelation.  He replied, "When you created me, I saw the words LAA ILAHA ILLALLAH MUHAMMADUR RASULULLAH written on your 'Arsh', and since then I believed that no human being is superior to Muhammad (Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam), whose name appeared along with yours." In reply it was revealed," He is to be the last of all prophets, and will be your descendant.  If he were not created, you also would not have been created."

 

 

المعجم الصغير 82\2 دارالكتب العلمية 

المستدرك على الصحيحين للحاكم 672\2 رقم الحديث 4228 دارالكتب العلمية

 

الدرالمنثور في التسيرالماثور 116\1 دارالكتب العلمية

أخرج الطبراني في المعجم الصغير والحاكم وأبو نعيم والبيهقي كلاهما في الدلائل وابن عساكر

 

روح المعانى 238\1 دارالكتب العلمية

وقيل : رأى مكتوباً على ساق العرش ، محمد رسول الله فتشفع به

 

 

This hadith is classified as hassan.(sound)

 

رفع المنارة 249-242 دار الامام الترمذي

فقد اخرج الحافظ ابوالحسن بن بشران قال ثنا ابو جعفر محمد بن عمرو ثنا احمد بن اسحاق بن صالح ثنا    محمد بن صالح ثنا محمد بن سنان العوقي ثنا ابراهيم بن طهمان عن بديل بن ميسرة عن عبدالله بن شقيق عن ميسرة قال : قلت: يا رسول الله متى كنت نبيا؟ قال ( لما خلق الله الارض  و استوى الى السماء فسواهن سبع سموات و خلق العرش كتب على ساق العرش محمد رسول الله خاتم الانبياء و خلق الله الجنة التي اسكنها ادم و حواء فكتب اسمي على الابواب و الاوراق والقباب و الخيام و ادم بين الروح و الجسد فلما احياه الله تعالى نظر الى العرش فراى اسمي فاخبره الله أنه سيد ولدك فلما غرهما الشيطان تابا و استشفعا  باسمي اليه)

فالصواب ان هذا الاسناد من شرط الحسن على الاقل و يصححه من يدخل  الحسن في الصحيح من الحفاظ   

كابن حبان و الحاكم

(وتمام الكلام موجود فى رفع المنارة)

And Allah knows best

Wassalam

Ml. Ahmed Mohomed Pandor,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa

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