Fatwa: # 15060
Category: Hadith
Country: France
Date: 14th April 2007


Can we use Mawdhu Hadith?


1) In Fatwa #15022 You mentionned that "o stay with constancy on any action for 40 days brings about good results and the heart becomes attached to that action. This is proven from Hadith and also has been the experience of the pious. 4 months consists of three 40 days.(Fatawa Mahmoodia 12:242 Kutub Khana Mazhari)", could you please give the ahadith and the stories of these pious men, jazakAllah!

2) In Fatwa #14966 you mentionned a dua "To improve your memory the following dua is very beneficial. It was prescribed to Ali (Radhiyallahu Anhu) when he complained of his weak memory. (Tirmidhi Chapter Dua for Hifz)" But about this hadith it it has been labelled as mawdhoû' (fabricated) by Ibnoul Djawzi (Al Mawdhoû'ât) and Al Albâni(Silsilat oud Dhaïfah) [rahimahoumullah)]. Do other muhadithin judge the hadith hassan, if not can we use mawdhou ahadith even if it is mawdhou? May Allah reward you.


In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh

1. Ibn Jawzi has considered this narration to be fabricated.  However, Ibn Jawzi is known amongst the Muhaditheen to be very stern in classifying narrations.  Other Muhaditheen have disagreed with him in this narration.

Allama al-Sakhaawi in al-Qawl al-Badee says, “In reality there is no ‘illah (deficiency) in this narration except that is narrated by Ibn Juraij from Ataa ibn Abi Rabah through ‘Ananah’.”

Sheikh Muhammad Awwama commenting on this writes, “This ‘illah does not affect the narration since Ibn Hajr has written in Tahzheeb al-Tahzheeb toward the end of the biography of Ibn Juraij that Ibn Juriaj has said, “Whenever I say Ataa has said, it means I have heard it from him, even though I may not have said that I have heard it from him.””

Allama Sakhaawii further states, ‘More than one person has told me that they have tried this practice and found it to be correct. And all knowledge is with Allah Ta’ala.’

(al-Qawl al-Badee’ p.452)

2.  The different time periods prescribed by the seniors of Tabligh Jamaat is based on benefits and wisdoms and not as an order of Shariah.  From example, the Hadith which is narrated by Imam Timrizdhi in his Sunan:

عن أنس بن مالك قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من صلى لله أربعين يوما في جماعة يدرك التكبيرة الأولى

كتبت له براءتان براءة من النار وبراءة من النفاق  (الترمذى )

It is reported on the authority of Anas bin Malik that Rasulullah (Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam) has said, “Whosoever performs forty Salah with congregations in a manner that they get the first Takbeer, two redemptions will be written for them; redemption from the Hellfire and redemption from hypocrisy.

Even though Imam Tirimdhi has discussed about the strength of this narration, for fadhail it is accepted.  The Ulema have stated that from this Hadith a significance of 40 days can be understood.  Once again, the recommendation to go out for 40 days is though wisdom and experience and not a concrete rule of Shariah.

اما الوليد فقال علماء النقل : كان يروى عن الأوزاعى احاديث هى عند الأوزاعى عن شيوخ ضعفاء عن شيوخ قد ادركهم الأوزاعى مثل نافع و الزهرى فيسقط اسماء الضعفاء و يجعلها عن الأوزاعى عنهم . وبعد هذا فانا لا أتهم به الا النقاش شيخ الدار قطنى . قال طلحة بن محمد بن جعفر: كان النقاش يكذب  وقال البرقانى: كل حديثه منكر وقال الخطيب احاديثه مناكير باسانيد مشهورة

(كتاب الموضوعات 2/140 ، دار الفكر)


(قلت) قال الحافظ ابن حجر: هذا الكلام تهافت والنقاش برئ من عهدته فان الترمذى اخرجه فى جامعه من طريق الوليد به  انتهى .  و اجرجه ايضا الحاكم  أخبرنا أبو النضر محمد بن محمد الفقيه ، وأبو الحسن أحمد بن محمد العنزي ، قالا : ثنا عثمان بن سعيد الدارمي ، وحدثني أبو بكر محمد بن جعفر المزكي ، ثنا محمد بن إبراهيم العبدي ، قالا : ثنا أبو أيوب سليمان بن عبد الرحمن الدمشقي ، ثنا الوليد بن مسلم ، ثنا ابن جريج ، عن عطاء بن أبي رباح ، وعكرمة ، مولى ابن عباس ، عن ابن عباس  صححه على شرط الشيخين

 (اللالى المصنوعة 2/55 : دار الكتب العلمية)


(بعد قول ابن جوزى وابن حجر)  تعقبه الذهبى فى تلخيص المستدرك فقال هذا منكر شاذ اخاف ان يكون موضوعا . وقد حيرنى جودة سنده ، فانه ليس فيه الا الوليد بن مسلم وقد صرح بالتحديث وقال حدثنى ابن جريج  انتهى

  (تنزيه الشريعة المرفوعة الاحاديث الشنيعة الموضوعة ص12 ، دار الكتب العلمية)


الحق انه لست له علة الا انه عن ابن جريج عن عطاء بالعنعنة . واخبرنى غير واحد انهم جربوا الدعاء به فوجدوه حقا والعلم عند الله تعالى

قال الشيخ محمد عوامه فى الهامش: هذه العلة لا تؤثر لما ذكره ابن حجر نفسه فى "تهذيب التهذيب" آخر ترجمة ابن جريج انه قال : اذا قلت قال عطاء فانا سمعته منه وان لم اقل سمعت

(القول البديع فى الصلاة على الحبيب الشفيع ص452 ، مؤسسة الريات)


And Allah knows best

Ehzaz Ajmeri,

Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa

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